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Northwestern 
University 

EVANSTON and CHICAGO 



Dental School 

Thirty- second Annual 
Announcement 

1918-1919 



Published by the University 
September, 1918 



Dental School Calendar 

1918-1919 
1918 

Sept. 23 Mon. Examinations for advanced standing begin 

Oct. I Tue. Academic year begins 

Oct. 12 Sat. Last day for entrance in course 

Nov. 28 Thu. Thanksgiving Day 

Dec. 21 Sat. Last day of school before Christmas recess 

1919 

Jan. 6 Mon. First day of school after Christmas recess 

Feb. 3 Mon. Mid-year examinations begin 

Feb. 3 Mon. Practitioner's Course begins 

Feb. 10 Mon. Second semester begins 

Feb. 12 Wed. Lincoln's Birthday 

Feb. 22 Sat. Washington's Birthday 

Mch. I Sat. Practitioner's Course ends 

May 22 Thu. Senior examinations begin 

May 30 Fri. Memorial Day 

June 2 Mon. Junior, Sophomore and Freshman examinations be- 
gin 

June 9 Mon. Commencement Banquet 

June 10 Tue. Home Coming Clinic 

June 1 1 Wed. sixty-first annual commencement 



5 

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V 



The University 

ON the last day of May, in the year 1850, there met in the City 
of Chicago, at the office of Grant Goodrich, 109 Lake Street 
near Dearborn, nine men, Richard A. Blanchard, Jabez K. 
Botsford, Andrew J. Brown, Henry W. Clark, John Evans, Grant 
Goodrich, Zadoc Hall, Richard Haney, and Orrington Lunt, to con- 
sider the founding of a university in the vicinity of Chicago. The} 
agreed that "the interests of Christian learning demand the immediate 
establishment of a University in the North-west," and appointed a 
committee to petition the General Assembly for a charter. January 
28, in the next yea.T, 1851, Governor French signed the Act that 
incorporated "the Trustees of the Northwestern University." The 
name of the corporation has since been changed to Northwestern 
University. 

The first Board of Trustees consisted of thirty-six persons, some 
of whom were representatives of annual conferences of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church and some residents of Chicago or vicinity. The 
corporation as at present constituted consists of thirty-six trustees 
elected by the Board, and two elected by each of three annual con- 
ferences of the Methodist Episcopal Church, making a total of 
fort>-two. 

The charter provides that a majority of the Board shall be mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church, but that no particular 
religious faith shall be required for those who become students at the 
institution. 

Amendments have provided that other chartered institutions may 
become departments of the University; that all property of whatever 
kind or description belonging to or owned by the said corporation 
shall be forever free from taxation for any and all purposes; that no 
spirituous, vinous, or fermented liquors shall be sold under license or 
otherwise, within four miles of the location of the University. 

After considering several locations in the vicinity of Chicago, the 
Trustees selected for the University a tract of land on the shore of 
Lake IVIichigan, twelve miles north of the heart of Chicago. Here 
in 1855 the first University' building was erected, and about this 
location has grown up the City of Evanston, a beautiful residential 
city of thirty thousand inhabitants. The professional schools of 
Medicine, Law, Dentistry, and Commerce are situated in the city of 
Chicago, 



Northwestern University Dental School 

Administrative Officers 

Thomas Franklin Holgate, Ph.D., LL.D., President of the Univer- 
sity, ad interim. 
Thomas Lewis Gilmer, M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., Dean. 
Arthur Davenport Black, M.A., M.D., D.D.S., Junior Dean. 
Otto Ulysses King, D.D.S., Secretary. 

The Faculty 

Thomas Lewis Gilmer, M.D., Sc.D., D.D.S., Professor of Oral 

Surgery. 
Arthur Davenport Black, M.A., M.D., D.D.S., Professor of Dental 

Pathology and of Operative Dentistry. 
Edmund Noyes, D.D.S., Professor of Dental Jurisprudence and 

Ethics. 
James Harrison Prothero, D.D.S., Professor of Prosthetic Technics, 

Prosthetic Dentistry, and Metallography. 
Twing Brooks Wiggin, M.D., Professor of Physiology; Instructor in 

Physical Diagnosis. 
Ira Benson Sellery, D.D.S., Professor of Orthodontia. 
Harry Mann Gordin, Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry. 
Eugene Shaw Willard, D.D.S., Professor of Bacteriology and Dental 

Pathology. 
Fred William Gethro, D.D.S., Professor of Operative Dentistry. 
Harry Isaac Van Tuyl, B.S., M.D., D.D.S., Professor of Anatomy. 
*Herbert Anthony Potts, D.D.S., M.D., Professor of Pathology; 

Lecturer on Anaesthesia ; Assistant in Oral Surgery. 
William Bebb, M.S., D.D.S., Professor of Comparative Anatomy; 

Curator of the Museum. 
Newton George Thomas, M.A., D.D.S., Professor of Biology and 

Histology; Assistant Curator of the Museum. 
James Leonard Morlan, B.S., D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Oper- 
ative Dentistry. 
Hillis Talley Brown, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Anatomy. 
Robert Edwin Blackwell, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Operative 

Dentistry; Superintendent of the Clinic. 



■*In National Service. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



Ernest Kennedy, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Prosthetic Dentistry. 

William Graham Skillen, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Histology. 

Roscoe Leaton Stout, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Prosthetic Den- 
tistry; in charge of Junior Prosthetic Laboratory. 

George Bion Denton, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of English. 

Edward Howard Hatton, M.D., Special Research Investigator; in 
charge of the Research Laboratory. 

Otto Ulysses King, D.D.S., Lecturer in Economics. 

George Buchanan Macfarlane, D.D.S., Chief Clinical Instructor in 
Operative Dentistry. 

George Edward Meyer, D.D.S., Instructor in Oral Surgery. 

*Floyd DeWitt Leach, D.D.S., Instructor in Radiography. 

Michael Joseph Buckley, D.D.S., Instructor in Orthodontia. 

*Charles West Freeman, D.D.S., Instructor in Oral Surgery. 

Joseph Emerson Ridgway, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Den- 
tistry; in charge of Freshman and Sophomore Laboratories. 

*William Spencer Ryan, M.D., D.D.S., Instructor in Materia 
Medica; in charge of Materia Medica Laboratory. 

Benjamin Harrison King, D.D.S., Instructor in Bacteriology. 

Jay Kaplan, Ph.C, Instructor in Chemistry. 

Charles Edward Wach, Ph.G., D.D.S., Instructor in Materia 
Medica. 

Benjamin Sherwin Partridge, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Den- 
tistry. 

Merl Mayo Printz, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. 

James Perrie Smith, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. 

*Thomas Hubert Renn, M.D., Instructor in Physiology. 

Isaac Alonzo Smothers, D.D.S., Instructor in Dental Pathology. 

Henry Randolph Rovelstad, D.D.S., Instructor in Physiology. 

*Stanley William Clark, D.D.S., Instructor in Orthodontia; Dem- 
onstrator in Operative Dentistry. 

Robert Ray Page, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. 

Alvin Guy Gunter, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. 

Charles George Sholes, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry. 

William A. Murray, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry. 

Louis Henry Ebersold, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. 

*John S. Kellogg, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry. 

Lladislaus J. Nalencz-Koniuszewski, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic 
Dentistry. 



*In National Service. 



N O R 1' IJ W IC S T E R N UNIVERSITY 



John Edward Birtwlstle, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Den- 
tistry. 

Minter Kelly Bragg, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. 

Gottfred Rudolph Lundquist, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Den- 
tistry. 

Perry Lee Scofield, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. 

Joseph David Talbot, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry; 
Assistant in Oral Surgery. 

Richard Leslie Bowser, D.D.S., Instructor in Pathology. 

Clarence Edwin Matteson, D.D.S., Instructor in Physiology; in 
charge of Physiology Laboratory. 

Harris Walker McClain, Ph.G., D.D.S., Instructor in Orthodontia 
and in Materia Medica. 

Cyrus Blazer McClurg, M.D., Instructor in Pathology. 

Ray Garfield Pierce, D.D.S., Instructor in Bacteriology. 

Lester Dale Weeks, B.A., D.D.S., Instructor in Chemistry, in charge 
of Chemical Laboratory. 

Otis John Wall, D.D.S. , Instructor in Operative Dentistry. 

Luther P. Basford, D.D.S., Examiner of Patients. 

Frederick William Merrifield, D.D.S., Assistant in Oral Surgery; 
in charge of Extraction Clinic. 

Christian Bernard Gurslee, B.S., Instructor in Physics; in charge of 
Physics Laboratory. 

Henry Plummer Westaby, D.D.S., Instructor in Radiography. 

STUDENT ASSISTANTS 

Charles Robert Deindoerfer, Assistant in Radiography. 

Gabriel J. Heyboer, Assistant in Chemistry. 

Irwin Sjdvester Oakland, M.S., Assistant in Chemistry. 

*Warren Leroy Fleck, Assistant in Biology. 

Jesse L. Ulrich, Assistant in Physics. 

John Gustav Voigt, Assistant in Radiography. 

Andrew W. Zeis, Assistant in Radiography. 



*In National Service. 



The Dental School 

THE DENTAL SCHOOL was founded and is maintained for 
the purpose of preparing young men and young women in the 
most thorough manner for the practice of dentistry, and for 
the promotion of dental science and dental literature. 

The reputation earned by this School is w^ell shown by the tabu- 
lation, on page 62, of the geographical distribution of students in 
attendance during the past year, from thirty-six states and nine 
foreign countries. 

The Dental School was organized in 1887 and three years later 
became a department of the University. In 1896 it absorbed the 
American College of Dental Surgery and for some years occupied the 
building on Franklin and Madison Streets, Chicago. It is now 
located in Northwestern University Building, at the corner of Lake 
and Dearborn Streets, Chicago, occupying the upper three floors of 
the building, over 60,000 square feet. 

The following men are deserving of permanent recognition for 
their devotion to this School, as evidenced by their work in Its 
development: Doctors Thomas L. Gilmer, G. V. Black, Edgar D. 
Swain, George H. Cushing, Theodore Menges, C. R. E. Koch, 
W. V-B. Ames and James H. Prothero. 

Special Notice — Students' Army Training Corps 

Under regulations recently announced by the War Department, 
a number of universities have been selected for the establishment of 
Students' Army Training Corps. Northwestern University is one 
of these, and the Dental School will have Its ow^n officers and corps. 
There will be ten hours per week of military training during the 
school year and six weeks in summer camp for those w^ho enlist for 
the training corps. 

All students over eighteen years of age are eligible to enlist. 
They Immediately become members of the United States Army, will 
be furnished with uniforms by the Government, and will be subject 
to active service at the call of the President. It is the expectation 
that members of this corps w^IU not be called to the colors until after 
graduation. This corps w^ill have ten hours per week of military 
training under officer instructors provided by the War Department. 
The regular schedule of the School will be modified to meet this 
requirement. 



10 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



It is expected that this training will qualify a considerable per- 
centage of the students to enter officers' training camps. 

Arrangements are being made for a drill ground located within 
easy walking distance of the School. 

The Enlisted Medical Reserve Corps 

Men of draft age, who have not been called for service by their 
local boards, may matriculate as Freshmen in the Dental School on 
or after August lo, 1918, and enlist in the Enlisted Medical Reserve 
Corps. It is the expectation that they will be permitted to continue 
the dental course to graduation unless their services are urgently 
needed. This provision has been made by the Government to encour- 
age attendance at dental schools in order that there may be assured a 
sufficient number of dentists to meet the future needs of the Army. 
S\ich students are not granted exemption, and are not permitted to 
remain in school unless their scholastic records are satisfactory. They 
will be members of the Students' Army Training Corps and their 
work will be under Government supervision. 

BUILDING AND EQUIPMENT 

Northwestern University Building is in the transportation center 
of over three millions of people living within a radius of forty miles, 
a location especially advantageous for obtaining the great number of 
clinical patients needed in a dental school. See pages 36 and 37 for 
statement of number of patients and operations performed during the 
last School year. 

The operative clinic, sufficient in extent to accommodate the great 
clinic and the offices connected with it, is of the best design of con- 
struction, consisting of a single room with arched ceiling. It is on 
the sixth floor, with free light on two sides and abundant skylight. 
Adjoining the operative clinic is the prosthetic clinic, and on the same 
fioor is the senior prosthetic laboratory for crown and bridge work, 
the laboratory for porcelain and cast metal inlay work, an impression 
room, and two rooms and waiting-room for extracting, and a room 
devoted to radiographic work. There are six lecture-rooms, three of 
which are arranged on the amphitheater plan and have seats for 240 
students. One of these is for the oral surgery clinic which has a 
waiting-room for surgical patients, a room for diagnosis and the 
preparation of patients, and a recovery room with sufficient beds for 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 11 



the temporary care of patients. The other three lecture rooms have 
seats for 175, 100, and 75 students. There are eight recitation rooms., 
each accommodating thirty-five or more students. Other rooms are 
the anatomical laboratory, which is placed well apart, and the labo- 
ratories for prosthetic technics, operative technics, chemistry, biology, 
histolog) % physiolog\% general pathology, bacteriology, materia medica. 
and for physics; the photographic laboratory, the students' reading- 
room, the library, and the museum. 

A new laboratory for scientific research is equipped with every 
facility for advance study of the many unsolved problems which 
confront the dental profession. This laboratory has every conven- 
ience for bacteriological study, animal experimentation and the study 
of human material from the general and oral surgery clinics. 

THE THEODORE MENGES LIBRARY 

■ The Library and the adjoining reading-room occupy, together 
with the attached Journal Reading Room, 3,800 feet of floor space. 
It is furnished with reading tables and chairs for about one hun- 
dred students. The Library contains '3,338 volumes of books on 
dental and collateral subjects; a fine supply of dictionaries and ency- 
clopedias conveniently placed in the reading-room for easy consulta- 
tion ; and a nearly complete list of the dental journals that have been 
published in the English language, with about 25,000 duplicate num- 
bers. The books most used by the students are duplicated, up to 
six or twelve, and a few to fifteen copies. The books and journals 
may be used in the reading-room without restriction, and when 
the duplication of volumes will allow, they may be drawn out as a 
circulating library. 

THE G. V. BLACK MUSEUM 

The Museum, which in many of its sections is the most com- 
plete collection of illustrative material in existence, is open to inspec- 
tion and study. The cases are arranged to show the specimens to 
the best advantage. 

Recently the very extensive private collection of Dr. William 
Bebb has been added to the Museum under the title of the Bebb 
Collection. This collection consists of paleontological and modern 
animal and human bones, skeletons and skulls; many varieties of 
preserved fur animals, and a very choice collection of ancient and 
modern-obsolete dental instruments, tools and equipment; many 



12 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



volumes of rare old books on dentistry in various languages; and 
engravings, paintings, lithographs, and cartoons illustrative of the 
development of dentistry. All of these have been arranged in most 
attractive manner for exhibition and study. 

The comparative anatomy specimens consist of heads with the 
teeth, with the exception of the gorilla and chimpanzee, of which there 
are full skeletons. There is a sufficient number of varieties of each of 
the several orders to afford specimens of every kind of tooth form 
and of every variety of placement in mammals, saurians, and snakes, 
with a large variety of fishes. 

The principal specimens of human skulls are, first, an excellent 
mounting of the separated bones of the adult; second, a fine set of 
dissections in a series showing the development of the teeth and the 
roots from the first appearance in the fetus to the full adult devel- 
opment, and illustrating the absorption of the roots of the deciduous 
teeth, the shedding process, and the replacement by permanent teeth ; 
also the absorption of the alveolar processes after the loss of teeth, 
with the changes that occur in the form of the bones of the jaws 
from childhood to old age. 

The Museum contains also a valuable collection of human teeth 
of abnormal forms; a very full and complete set of specimens illus- 
trating interproximal wear and the flattening of the points of inter- 
proximal contact. It is especially rich in casts of cases of super- 
numerary teeth ; some illustrations of the very early forms of artificial 
teeth, of manufactured porcelain teeth, and of dental instruments, 
illustrating the development in these lines. This collection has been 
made in the School largely by students and by alumni, and is being 
continually increased by donations from those who have met with 
specimens unusual or rare in practice. 

It also contains a most complete representation of the progress 
of Dental Hygiene and Prophylaxis as represented by the progressive 
steps of the development of the toothbrush, and a complete collection 
of dental instruments and appliances now obsolete in modern prac- 
tice of dentistry. 

SITUATION AND SURROUNDINGS 

The central location of the school and its convenient access from 
every point affords many and peculiar advantages to its students. 
It gives them the widest possible range of choice of residence while 
attending the school, without inconvenience in coming and going. 
It also gives the school the widest range of territory from which to 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 13 



draw the extensive clinic so necessary to a great dental school. The 
patients for this clinic come from all parts of the city of Chicago 
and its suburbs. The personal influence of the students of the 
school, each one of whom draws from his own friends and acquaint- 
ances, made in and about his place of residence, is an invaluable 
adjunct to the number who come simply as acquaintances of the 
school. Patients who come as the friends of students make up the 
personal clinical practice of the individual student. 

In this the out-of-town students seem to be in no respect less 
favored than the student w^hose home is in the city. This gaining, 
and holding, a> personal clinical practice under the supervision of 
the instructors in the clinic rooms has come to be one of the features 
of this school that has a telling effect upon the after-practice of its 
students. By this plan of work the student not only learns the 
theory of practice and the manipulations of practical operations in 
dentistry, but he passes at once to the work of real experience in 
building a practice for himself; in gaining that skill in professional 
comity and personal manner between himself and his patients, which 
is as necessary to him in after years, in drawing together and main- 
taining a practice, as his knowledge of dental diseases and his skill 
in their treatment. 

For these reasons the residence of students in groups in widely 
different portions of the city is favored. This also gives the benefits 
of a more homelike life, while giving in the aggregate a far better 
conception of life in a great city and decidedly better opportunity 
to draw upon its advantages, while shunning the disadvantages of 
large gatherings of students in a single locality. 

Chicago is a great city and gives many opportunities to the stu- 
dent who learns to avail himself of them. Lincoln Park on the 
north offers, besides its beautiful pleasure grounds, some extensive 
botanical gardens and winter conservatories, where all manner of 
plants may be enjoyed and studied; a fine zoological collection, 
where a large variety of animal and bird life may be studied, and 
the Museum of Natural History, in which there is a very large 
collection of birds, animals and fossil remains of extinct animal life. 
Jackson and Washington Parks on the south, besides their extensive 
pleasure grounds, also offer splendid botanical gardens and winter 
conservatories, while the Field Columbian Museum offers a rare 
collection of Natural History specimens especially suited for the 
study of comparative dental anatomy, of modern and ancient skulls 
and the condition of the teeth in the various races and types of men 



14 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



in different ages. The admission to this museum is free to students 
on presentation of their matriculation tickets to this school. 

The Art Institute of Chicago is located within easy walking 
distance of the School; it offers many free admission hours, making 
its cultural opportunities conveniently available. 

OTHER LIBRARIES 

A number of libraries are accessible to students who have taste 
for study, or for looking up subjects of scientific or literary interest, 
or in connection with special studies. 

The University library collections offer very abundant facilities 
for students. They are ample in the number of books adapted to 
the different schools and are so situated as to be easily accessible; 
generally within the school buildings. They consist of the College 
Library, the Law Library, the Medical Library and the Theological 
Library. 

Chicago Library (773,403 volumes) is on Michigan Avenue 
and Washington Street, five minutes' walk from the school. It is 
one of the finest libraries in the country. Students may receive books 
from this library when vouched for by responsible persons known 
to the officials. This library has also many branch offices in different 
parts of the city, from which books may be received on application. 
These are convenient to many of the boarding places of students. 

The Newberry Library is very large (367,015 volumes) and, 
besides general works, has also a large collection devoted to history. 
It is on North Clark Street and Walton Place, and may be reached 
In a ten minutes' walk. This is a reference library and books can 
be used only in its reading rooms. 

The John Crerar Library (368,508 volumes) occupies one 
and one-half floors in the Marshall Field Building, corner Wabash 
Avenue and Washington Street. It is devoted mainly to the natural, 
the phj^sical and the social sciences, with their applications, but has 
one large room containing medical and dental books and periodicals. 
It is a most excellent collection of books. It is a reference library, 
and its books are used only in its reading rooms. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



Admission and Instruction 

In teaching staff, requirements for admission, curriculum, equip- 
ment and facilities of every kind, Northwestern University Dental 
School complies fully with the rules of the Dental Educational 
Council of America for Class A Dental Schools. 

For statement relative to Students' Army Training Corps and 
the Enlisted Medical Reserve Corps see page 9. 

ADMISSION 

A candidate for admission to the Dental School for the year 
1918-1919 may be accepted upon presentation of a diploma, or equiv- 
alent certificate, from an accredited high school or academy which re- 
quires for graduation not less than fifteen units of high school work 
obtained in a four year course beyond the eighth grade of the elemen- 
tary school. No conditions on the foregoing entrance requirement will 
be allowed. An accredited high school is defined as one which is ac- 
credited as a four year high school by the United States Bureau of 
Education, or by a University which is a member of the Association 
of American Universities, or by the State University of the State in 
which the high school is located. 

In the case of an applicant who is not a graduate from a high 
school or academy, as defined above, the full equivalent of such educa- 
tion in each individual case must be established by the Committee on 
Examinations, appointed by the Illinois State Superintendent of 
Public Instruction, and attested by him. The Committee on Exam- 
inations may issue a certificate upon presentation of credentials from 
schools attended, or upon the passing of written examinations given 
by the Committee, or both.* 

The credential covering the candidate's preliminary education 
must include not less than three Units in fEnglish, one unit in 
Algebra, one unit in Geometry, and one unit in Physics, Chemistry, 
or Biology. The remaining nine units may be made up of other 
subjects included in standard High School courses. 

A unit is a course of study requiring daily recitations on one 



*The Illinois law provides that this Committee on Examinations shall 
charge a fee of ten dollars for each person who presents for examination 
or for the evaluation of credentials. 

fForeigners from non-English speaking countries, who present more than 
four units of foreign language, and who can speak, read and write the 
English language, will be accepted as meeting the requirement in English. 



16 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



topic for a full school year. No credit amounting to less than a half 
unit will be allowed toward the fifteen units required. 

This School will receive no student who is not present within 
ten days after the opening day of the session in each year, or in case 
of illness properly certified by the attending physician, within twenty 
days after the opening day. It is desirable that students should 
register early, since the order of assignment of seats in the lecture 
halls is based on the order of registration. The record of attend- 
ance is kept from the opening day, and students who may be admitted 
at a later day will lose their attendance credit for the intervening 
period. 

Undergraduate students are not received for special courses in 
dentistry. 

Students registering agree thereby to accept the discipline imposed 
by the Faculty. 

ADMISSION TO ADVANCED STANDING 

Students wishing credit for courses parallel to courses required in 
this School, should bring credentials for same, and should present 
their notebooks. No credit on the dental course will be allowed for 
high school chemistry, physics, botany, zoology, or biology. 

Students who present certificates from other Class A dental 
schools covering subjects required in this School, may be credited w^ith 
such studies if their preliminary education was such as would have 
admitted them to this School as Freshmen, and if the credentials are 
satisfactory to the Dean and to the professors in the respective depart- 
ments; but credits are not accepted unconditionally. The Faculty 
reserves the right to examine any applicant for advanced standing, if 
in its judgment that should be desirable. When admitted to the 
Senior class the candidate must do one full year's work in this 
School. 

Examinations for advanced standing and for the removal of con- 
ditions in the Dental course will begin on September 23, 1918 — 
one week before the course begins — and no make-up examinations 
will be given at a later time. A schedule of these examinations will 
be furnished upon request. 

COURSE FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF DENTAL SURGERY 

The course covers four years. The year begins on the first 
Tuesday in October and closes on Commencement Day of the Uni- 
versity in June. There are not less than thirty-tVv^o weeks of actual 
instruction given, six days in each week. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



POST-GRADUATE COURSE 

A postgraduate, or practitioner's course has been arranged which 
begins the first Mondaj^ in February of each year and continues 
through four full "weeks. A special announcement of this course 
will be found on page 47. 

MILITARY SERVICE COURSE 

A special course for those entering the Army or Navy Dental 
Corps is scheduled to begin on Feb. 3, 1919, and continue four weeks. 
A special announcement of this course will be found on page 49. 
See pages 57 to 61 for lists of those who took post-graduate and 
military service courses in 19 17-18. 

COMBINED COURSES 

Students who desire to obtain the Bachelor of Science and Doctor 
of Dental Surgery degrees may enroll on a combined Literary and 
Dental course, and thus shorten the required time for earning the 
two degrees from eight to seven years. This privilege is open to 
students who during their first three years have maintained a uniform 
record of good scholarship. A candidate for the degree of Bachelor 
of Science who has been a student in the College of Liberal Arts for 
at least one 5^ear may enroll upon the combined course. 

Schedule of Courses 

FOR THE YEAR I918-I919 

Special Notice — Northwestern University has been selected by 
the Government for the establishment of one of the new Students' 
Army Training Corps. The Dental School will have its own 
officers and corps, and as the members of the corps will have ten 
hours a week of military training, some modification of the regular 
School schedule will be necessary. For announcement regarding 
the Students' Army Training Corps, see page 9. 

Beginning with the session of 191 5-16 the general plan of teach- 
ing was changed by the division of classes into small sections for 
recitation and laboratory periods, in order that the student might 
receive more thorough instruction and be brought into closer relations 
with the instructors. To accomplish this purpose, the building was 
remodeled to provide necessary additional rooms and laboratory 
facilities, and the teaching staflF was increased in every department. 

In the new four-year schedule, a general rearrangement of courses 
has been made by which better co-ordination and sequence of related 



18 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



subjects has been obtained. Technical laboratory courses have been 
extended to better prepare students to undertake practical opera- 
tions in the clinic, and opportunity is also provided for increased 
clinical experience. 

Students are expected to take the courses in the order enumer- 
ated, but some deviation from this rule may be allowed in cases 
approved by the Faculty. 

The courses in the several departments are described under the 
department headings in subsequent pages. The order in which 
courses are to be taken is here indicated. 

Schedule 

FRESHMAN YEAR 

Hours a week Hours a year 

Recitation Laboratory Recitation Laboratory 

*English 2 64 

Physics I 3(1 Sem.) 32 48 

Technical Drawing 3 (i Sem.) 48 

Biology 2 (ist Sem.) 4 (ist Sem.) 32 64 

Anatomy i (i Sem.) 6 (i Sem.) 16 96 

Chemistry, Inorganic 2 4 64 128 

Histology, General 2 (2d Sem.) 4 (2ci Sem.) 32 64 

Dental Anatomy i (ist Sem.) 6 (ist Sem.) 16 96 

Operative Technics i (2d Sem.) 6 (2d Sem.) 16 96 

Prosthetic Technics i 9 32 288 

Mouth Hygiene i 16 

10 29 320 928 — 1,248 

*In 1919-20, two hours per week will be devoted to English during the 
second semester of the Sophomore year. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR 

Hours a week Hours a year 

Recitation Laboratory Recitation Laboratory 

Anatomy of Head and Neck i (i Sem.) 9 (i Sem.) 16 144 

Histology, Dental i 3 32 96 

Chemistry, Organic and 

Physiological i 3 32 96 

Physiology 2 3(1 Sem.) 64 48 

Bacteriology i 3 32 96 

Comparative Dental Anat- 
omy I (i Sem.) 16 

Operative Technics 2 6 (i Sem.) 64 96 

Prosthetic Technics i 9 32 288 

Clinical Operative and 

Prosthetic Dentistry 9 (2d Sem.) 144 

9 3i>4 avr. 288 960 — 1,248 



THE DExXTAL SCHOOL 



19 



♦Histology, Dental 

Physiology 

Physical Diagnosis 

Pathology 

Materia Medica 

Dental Pathology 

Dental Radiography 

Mouth Hygiene 

♦Comparative Dental Anat- 
omy 

Orthodontia 

Operative Dentistry 

Anesthesia 

Prosthetic Dentistry 

Surgical Anatomy groups.. 

Extraction Clinic 

Clinical Operative and 
Prosthetic Dentistrv .... 



JUNIOR YEAR 












Hours a week 








Hours 


a year 


dtation Laboratory 




Recitation 


Laboratory 




3 






32 
32 


96 


I (i Sem.) 








i6 






3 


(i 


Sem.) 


33 


48 




3 


(I 


Sem.) 


32 


48 




3 


(I 


Sem.) 


32 


48 


I (i Sem.) 


I 


(i 


Sem.) 


i6 


16 


I (i Sera.) 








i6 




I (i Sem.) 








i6 




I (i Sem.) 


3 


(8 


Avks.) 


i6 
64 


24 


I (i Sem.) 








i6 






3 






32 


96 
16 



576 



♦After 1918-19, these course; 



30 352 978—1,330 

be given in the Sophomore year only. 



SENIOR YEAR 



Hours a week 
Recitation Laborator^' 



Dental Pathology 2 

♦Mouth Hygiene 

Jurisprudence and Ethics. . . 

Dental Economics 

♦Dental Radiography 

iComp. Dental Anatomy... 

♦Anesthesia 

Oral Surgery 

Operative Dentistry i 



Prosthetic Dentistry 

Orthodontia 

Special Clinics for Divisions 
of Class, in Extraction, 
Oral Surgery, Peridental 
Diseases, Operative and 
Prosthetic Dentistry 

Clinical Practice in Ortho- 
dontia, Operative and 
Prosthetic Dentistry 



(i Sem.) 

(% yr.) 

(Vs vr.) 
(Vs vr.) 
(i Sem.) 
(i Sem.) 

(i Sem.) 
(i Sem.) 



Hours 
citation 


a year 
Laboratory 


64 
16 





32 

16 
16 
32 

48 

32 
32 



/ for each "I 
\ Division / 



64 



32 



64 



1,024 



36 



288 



1,152—1,440 



♦After 1918-19 these courses will be given in the Junior year only. 
4iAfter 1918-19, this course will be given in the Sophomore year only. 



20 N O R 1^ H W E S T E R N UNIVERSITY 

Anatomy 

PROFESSOR VAN TUYL 
FRESHMAN YEAR 

a. ^ he cture-re citation — Osteology of the Entire Body — Twelve 
weeks, class divided into sections, each section one hour a week. 
Professor Van Tuyl, Professor Brown, and Dr. Ryan. 

b. Lecture-recitation — Syndesmology and Myology — Four 
weeks, one hour a week. Professor Van Tuyl, Professor Brown, 
and Dr. Ryan. 

c. Laboratory — Human Dissections — The upper and lower ex- 
tremities and the abdomen are dissected. One semester. Class 
divided into sections, each section two three-hour periods each week. 
Professor Van Tuyl, Professor Brown, Dr. Ryan, and Assistants. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR 

d. Lecture-recitation — Angeology, Neurology, Organs of the 
Senses and Splanchnology — One semester, one hour a week. Profes- 
sor Van Tuyl, Professor Brown and Dr. Ryan. 

e. Laboratory — Human Dissections — The Head, Neck and 
Thorax. Surgical anatomy of the Head and Neck. One semester. 
Class divided into sections, each section three three-hour periods a 
week. Professor Van Tuyl, Professor Brown, Dr. Ryan, and Assist 
ants. 

Bacteriology 

SOPHOMORE YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — Principles of Bacteriology — The prepara- 
tion of culture media; management of laboratory cultures; distin- 
guishing varieties of micro-organisms in laboratory cultures; physi- 
ology of micro-organisms; poisons produced by micro-organisms; 
diseases caused by micro-organisms, particularly those of the teeth 
and mouth ; susceptibility and immunity to diseases. One hour a 
week throughout the year. Professor Willard, Dr. B. H. King, 
and Dr. Pierce. 

b. Laboratory — Preparation of culture media; planting and 
management of cultures; separation of species in mixed cultures; 



*For all lecture-recitation courses, lectures are given to the entire class, 
and the class is divided into sections of about thirty for recitations. As a 
rule, there are three recitation periods following each lecture. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 21 



deriving pure cultures from infected animals; cultures from saliva, 
from mucous membranes, and from carious teeth ; staining, mounting, 
and microscopic studies; diagnosis of unknowns. Class divided into 
sections, each section three hours a week throughout the year. Pro- 
fessor Willard and Dr. B. H. King. 

Biology 

PROFESSOR THOMAS 
FRESHMAN YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — Studies of the properties of living mat- 
ter; a few selected types of flowering plants and invertebrate animals. 
Organic evolution, studies of the development of animals, using eggs 
of fishes, amphibia and the chick. First semester, two hours a week. 
Professor Thomas. 

b. Laboratory — The course in the laboratory will parallel the 
lecture-recitation course, and will consist of demonstration experi- 
ments and studies by members of the class. First semester. Class 
divided into sections, each section two two-hour periods per w^eek. 
Professor Thomas and Mr. Fleck. 

Chemistry 

PROFESSOR GORDIN 
FRESHMAN YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — General and Inorganic Chemistry — First 
semester. Class divided in sections. Two hours a week. Profes- 
sor Gordin and Mr. Kaplan. 

b. Laboratory — Illustrative experiments in General and Inor- 
ganic Chemistry. First semester. Class divided into sections, each 
section tw^o tw^o-hour periods a week. Professor Gordin, Dr. Weeks, 
and Assistants. 

c. Lecture-recitation — General and Inorganic Chemistry — Sec- 
ond semester. Two hours a w^ek. Professor Gordin and Mr. 
Kaplan. 

d. Laboratory — The metals and their compounds. Qualitative 
chemical analysis of unknown mixtures, particularly bases and alloys. 
Second semester. Class divided into sections, each section two two- 
hour periods a week. Professor Gordin, Dr. Weeks, and Assistants. 



22 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



SOPHOMORE YEAR 

e. Lecture-recitation — Organic Cheiiiistry — First semester, one 
hour a week. Professor Gordin and Mr. Kaplan. 

f. Lecture-recitation — Organic and Physiological Chemistry — 
Second semester, one hour a week. Professor Gordin and Mr. 
Kaplan. 

g. Laboratory — Quantitative chemical analysis of dental alloys, 
etc. Refining of gold, silver, and other metals. Laboratory study 
of cements and other filling materials. Assay of dental alloys for 
gold, silver, tin, platinum. Practical problems of dental chemistry. 
Illustrative experiments in Organic Chemistry. Analysis of saliva. 
Urine analysis. Class divided into sections, each section three hours 
a week. Professor Gordin, Dr. Weeks, and Assistants. 

Comparative Dental Anatomy 

PROFESSOR BEBB 

SENIOR, JUNIOR AND SOPHOMORE YEARS* 

a. Lecture — Evolution — The meaning of similarity of structure; 
natural selection; changes in organs; correlation of growth between 
parts; principles of heredity and of fixity of species; tooth forms; 
definitions and descriptions of the varieties of forms; the typical 
mammalian dentation; classification of the animal kingdom, with 
concise descriptions of the typical characteristics of each. One 
semester. One lecture or recitation a week. Professor Bebb, 

b. Laboratory — Small groups in the Museum for study of speci- 
mens. 

Dental Economics 

DR. O. U. KING 
SENIOR YEAR 

a. Lecture — Dental Economics — This course embraces practice 
building, methods of obtaining and retaining patients, business rela- 
tions between the dentist and his patients, fees, accounts, records of 
operations, presentation and collection of accounts, methods of econ- 
omy in the conduct of an office. Ten weeks. One lecture a week. 
Dr. O. U. King. 



*After the year 1918-19, this course will be given to the Sophomore 
class only. 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 23 

Dental Jurisprudence and Ethics 

PROFESSOR NOYES 
SENIOR YEAR 

a. Lecture — Ethics — Elementary principles of ethics; profes- 
sional ethics; state laws relating to dentistry; Illinois dental law; 
dental jurisprudence; general review. One lecture a week. Twelve 
weeks. Professor Noyes. 

English 

PROFESSOR DENTON 
FRESHMAN YEAR* 

a. Lecture-recitation — Composition and rhetoric. Study of the 
composition as a whole; the paragraph; the sentence; grammar and 
punctuation; themes. First semester, two hours a week. Professor 
Denton. 

b. Lecture-recitation — Types of literature; the drama; the 
essay; the novel. Second semester, two hours a week. Professor 
Denton. 

• 

Histology 

PROFESSOR THOMAS 
FRESHMAN YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — The construction and the use of the 
microscope. A study of cell structure and functions; the elementary 
tissues; histology of the organs; circulatory, lymphatic, alimentary 
tract, and accessory glands, respiratory system, urinary organs, and 
skin. Second semester, two hours a week. Professor Thomas and 
Professor Skillen. 

b. Laboratory — A laboratory study of the subjects of the lecture 
course. Second semester. Class divided into sections, each section 
two two-hour periods a week. Professor Thomas and Professor 
Skillen. 

c. Recitations — During laboratory hours. 



*In 1919-20, two hours per week will be devoted to English during the 
second semester of the Sophomore year. 



24 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



SOPHOMORE AND JUNIOR YEARS* 

d. Lecture-recitation — The Dental Tissues — Enamel; the peri- 
dental membranes; periosteum; bone; mucous membranes and other 
soft tissues of the mouth. One and two-thirds semesters. One 
hour a week. Professor Thomas and Assistants. 

e. Lecture-recitation — Embryology — One hour a week. One- 
third of a semester. Professor Thomas and Professor Skillen. 

f. Laboratory — A laboratory study of the subjects of lecture 
courses d and e. Class divided into sections, each section one three- 
hour period a week throughout the year. Professor Thomas and 
Professor Skillen. 

g. Recitations — During laboratory hours throughout the year. 

Materia Medica and Therapeutics 

DR. RYAN 
JUNIOR YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — The sources and various forms of drugs; 
general and local action of drugs; agencies that modify the action 
of drugs; the art of prescribing medicines; a critical study of about 
one hundred drugs, classified according to their therapeutic and 
toxic action. Medication for dental purposes. One hour a week 
throughout the year. Dr. Ryan, Dr. Wach, and Dr. McClain. 

b. Laboratory — Study of the origin and preparation of various 
drugs; prescription writing; dispensing; reactions, antidotes for 
poisons, etc. Class divided into sections, each section three hours a 
week during one semester. Dr. Ryan. 

Mouth H3^giene; Oral Prophylaxis 

PROFESSOR BLACK 
FRESHMAN YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — This course will include a presentation 
of the general problems involved in disease of the oral cavity, with a 
discussion of means of prevention. The various methods of main- 
taining mouth cleanliness will be presented, and the technic will be 
given in detail. First semester. One hour a week. Professor Black. 



*After 1918-19, this course will be given to the Sophomore class only. 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 25 



JUNIOR AND SENIOR YEARS* 

b. Lecture — Oral Prophylaxis and Mouth Hygiene — Preven- 
tive measures w^hich may be employed by both dentist and patient. 
Mouth hygiene technique. The relation between operative and pros- 
thetic procedures to the diseases of the soft tissues. Teaching of 
mouth hygiene technique in public schools, and dental service in 
public schools and eleemosynary institutions. Second semester. One 
hour a week. Professor Black. 

Operative Dentistry and Dental Pathology 

professor black, professor gethro, professor willard, profes- 
sor morlan, professor blackwell, and dr. matteson 

Dental Anatomy, Operative Technics 

FRESHMAN YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — Descriptive Anatomy of the Human 
Teeth — Nomenclature. Studies of the maxilla and mandible, with 
especial attention to the surgical anatomy. First semester. One hour 
a week. Dr. Matteson. 

b. Laboratory — Studies of the forms of individual teeth; carv- 
ing the tooth forms in bone or ivory; dissections and studies of the 
internal parts — pulp chambers and root canals. First semester. Class 
divided into sections, each section two three-hour periods a week. 
Dr. Matteson and Assistants. 

c. Lecture-recitation — Instruments and Instrumentation — A 
study of instrument forms, instrument construction, and the adapta- 
tion of instruments to the excavation of cavities. Cavity 'Nomen- 
clature — A study of the location of cavities in extracted teeth, of 
the forms of prepared cavities, and of the use of instruments in their 
preparation. Oral Prophylaxis — Studies of instruments and ma- 
nipulation. Second semester. One hour a week. Dr. Matteson. 

d. Laboratory — Study of instrument forms; a set of forty-eight 
excavators made to millimeter scale in brass ; preparation of cavities 
in extracted human teeth, ivory or bone. Second semester. Class 
divided into sections. Each section two three-hour periods a week. 
Dr. Matteson and Assistants. 



*After 1918-19, this course will be given to the Junior class only. 



26 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Operative Dentistry 

SOPHOMORE YEAR 

e. Lecture-recitation — Technical Procedures in Cavity Prepara- 
tion and in Filling Teeth — Cavity nomenclature; cavity preparation; 
principles, instruments and appliances, and instrumentation; cavity 
preparation by classes of cavities. Filling materials; instruments and 
instrumentation, physics of filling operations, finishing fillings. Fill- 
ing with gold foil, gold inlays, amalgam, cements, gutta-percha. Ex- 
posure and removal of the dental pulp. Preparation and filling of 
root canals. Two hours a week throughout the year. Professor Black- 
well and Dr. Matteson. 

f. Laboratory — Preparation of cavities and manipulation of the 
various filling materials. Pulp treatment and the filling of root 
canals. Instrumentation in oral prophylaxis and in the treatment of 
diseases of the peridental membrane. These operations are performed 
with extracted human teeth, placed in position in the jaws of man- 
ikins, the conditions being as nearly like those met with in actual 
practice as possible. First semester, two three-hour periods a week. 
Professor Blackwell, Dr. Matteson and Assistants. 

g. Operative Clinic — Open to Sophomore students nine hours a 
week during the second semester. Operations are required amount- 
ing to fifty points, in gold fillings, fifty points in gold inlays, fifty 
points in amalgam fillings and fifty points in treatments. Professor 
Black, Professor Gethro, Professor Morlan, Professor Blackwell and 
Assistants. 

JUNIOR YEAR* 

h. Lecture-recitation — Technical Procedures in Cavity Prepara- 
tion and Filling Teeth — Cavity nomenclature; cavity preparation; 
principles, instruments and appliances, and instrumentation; cavity 
preparation, by classes of cavities. Filling materials; instruments and 
instrumentation, physics of filling operations, and of finishing fillings. 
Filling with gold foil, gold inlays, amalgam, cements, gutta-percha. 
Exposure and removal of dental pulp. Preparation and filling of 
root canals. Two hours a week throughout the year. Professor 
Morlan, Dr. Printz, and Dr. Partridge. 

i. Operative Clinic — Open to Junior students eighteen hours a 
week during the entire year. Operations amounting to one hundred 



*In 1918-19, this course will be given to both Sophomore and Junior 
classes, thereafter to the Sophomore class only. The present Senior course 
will then be given to the Junior class. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



points required in gold fillings, one hundred points in gold inlays 
and one hundred points in amalgam fillings. Credit points are given 
for fillings ranging from one to ten points. The location of the 
cavity, the operative difHculties encountered, and the excellence of 
the completed operation determine the amount of points earned in 
each case. Professor Black, Professor Gethro, Professor Morlan, 
Professor Blackwell, and Assistants. 

SENIOR YEAR* 

j. Lecture-recitation — Review of Technical Procedures in Fill- 
ing Teeth — The Hard Tissues of the Teeth — Studies of the dys- 
trophies of the enamel, of erosion, abrasion, and dental caries; caries 
of enamel ; caries of dentin ; inception and progress of dental caries ; 
conditions of the beginning of dental caries; systemic causes of dental 
caries; susceptibility from and immunity to dental caries; vital phe- 
nomena in dental caries ; hyperesthesia of dentin ; treatment of dental 
caries; curative eflFect of fillings; selection of filling materials. First 
semester. One hour a week. Professor Gethro, Dr. Smith, and 
Dr. Gunter. 

k. Lecture-recitation — The -force used in mastication in relation 
to operative procedures; treatment of dental caries; management of 
cavities by classes; "extension for prevention" and its limitations; 
esthetic considerations; the deciduous teeth, their patholog}' and 
treatm.ent; the childhood period of the permanent teeth; manage- 
ment of patients. Second semester. One hour a week. Professor 
Gethro, Dr. Smith and Dr. Gunter. 

1. Lecture — Inlay Technique — Historical review of various 
methods of filling teeth; gold inlays; porcelain inlays; silicious 
cements, oxyphosphate cements. First semester. One hour a vv^eek. 
Professor Gethro. 

m. Operative Clinic — Open to Senior students daily through- 
out the year. Operations amounting to two hundred points are 
required in gold fillings, two hundred points in gold inlays and two 
hundred points in amalgam. Professor Black, Professor Gethro, 
Professor Alorlan, Professor Blackwell, and Assistants. 

n. Special Operative Clinic — Each section one hour a week for 
five weeks. Professor Gethro. 



*After 1918-19, the greater part of this course will be transferred to the 
Junior year, and the Senior course will be largely devoted to seminar work 
and thesis writing. 



28 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

Dental Pathology and TuERAiMiUTics 

JUNIOR YEAR 

0. Lecture-recitation — Pathology and Treatment of the Gin- 
givae and Peridental Membrane and of the Dental Pulp — Review 
of the histological structures and physical functions of the tissues, 
their diseases and treatment. In this course especial attention will 
be given to the technical procedures and their application in the 
clinic. Radiographic studies of cases of peridental disease and apical 
infections, also of root canal fillings, form an important feature of 
this course. About 17,000 radiographs were taken for school patients 
last year. Oral prophylaxis and mouth hygiene — preventive measures 
which should be employed by dentist and patient — will be presented. 
One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Black. 

p. Laboratory — Histo-pathological Studies of the Teeth and 
Their Investing Tissues — The changes which occur in hard tissues in 
the various dystrophies — atrophy, mottled teeth, white enamel, etc. ; 
in dental caries, secondary dentin and excementosis ; also the changes 
in the pulp in inflammation and the various forms of calcification ; 
and in the peridental tissues in chronic alveolar abscess and chronic 
pericementitis. One period of three* hours a week during one semes- 
ter. Professors Black and Bower. 

q. Clinical Practice — Junior students are required to make one 
hundred points in practical treatments in the clinic. 

SENIOR YEAR* 

r. Lecture-recitation — Pathology and Treatment of the Gin- 
givae and Peridental Membrane — Review of histological structures 
and physical functions of tissues; historical review of diseases and 
treatment; studies of salivary calculus; gingivitis and pericementitis 
due to deposits of salivary calculus; gingivitis due to deposits of 
serumal calculus; gingivitis caused by injuries; chronic suppurative 
pericementitis; systemic effects of chronic infections of the mouth. 
One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Black, Dr. 
Smothers, Dr. Lundquist, and Dr. Matteson. 

s. Lecture-recitation — Pathology and Treatment, of the Dental 
Pulp — Review of histological structure and functions; hyperemia and 
inflammation, obtunding sensitive dentin ; devitalization ; removal ; 
treatment of canals; root filling; asepsic technique; alveolar abscess; 



*Note: In 1918-19, a part of this Senior course will be given to the 
Junior class, and in 1919-20 the Senior course will be modified accordingly, 
a portion of the course being devoted to seminar work and thesis writing. 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 29 



chronic osteitis; necrosis of bone; studies of antiseptics and their 
effect on the tissues; bleaching teeth. One hour a week throughout 
the year. Professor Willard, Dr. B. H. King, Dr. Ebersold, and 
Dr. Scofield. 

t. Clinical Practice — In addition to the above courses, Senior 
students are required to make two hundred points in practical treat- 
ments in the clinic. Radiographic studies of peridental disease and 
apical infections, also of root canal fillings, will be an important part 
of the care of cases in the clinic. About 17,000 radiographs were 
taken for school patients last j^ear. 

u. Peridental Membrane Clinic — Each section, one hour a week 
for five weeks. Professor Black. 

Oral Surgery 

PROFESSOR GILMER 
JUNIOR YEAR 

a. Surgical AnatoTJiy — In small groups, sixteen hours. Dr. 
Meyer. 

b. Extraction Clinic — Each section two hours a week for five 
weeks. Dr. Merrifield. 

c. Radiography — Lectures and practical instruction in radio- 
graphic room. Second semester. Two hours each week. Dr. Leach 
and Assistants. 

d. Lecture — Anesthetics — Historical review ; state of the patient ; 
nature of operation; choice of anesthetic; prolonged dental operations; 
circumstances of administration ; examination of patients ; general 
anesthetics, local and regional anesthetics, dangers of anesthesia; 
ether, chloroform, nitrous oxid ; nitrous oxid and oxygen for anes- 
thesia and analgesia; conductive anesthesia. One semester. One 
hour a week. Professor Potts. 

e. Clinical Demonstrations of Nitrous Oxid and Novocain An- 
esthesia — Dailv in the extracting clinic. Dr. Merrifield and Dr. 
Talbot. 

SENIOR YEAR 

f. Lecture-recitation — Surgical bacteriolog}^* inflammation; sup- 
puration ; wounds ; hemorrhage ; necrosis ; chronic osteitis ; disease of 
the maxillary sinus, resection of roots; tetanus; ankylosis; arthritis; 
facial neuralgia; fractures; dislocations; extraction of teeth; malposi- 
tion of third molars ; impacted teeth ; replantation, transplantation, 
and implantation of teeth ; cleft palate and harelip ; affections of the 



30 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



lips, tongue, and mouth; tumors; odontomes; ranula; cysts; aneu- 
risms. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Gilmer, 
Dr. Meyer, Dr. Merrifield, and Dr. Talbot. 

g. Surgical Clinic — Two hours a week throughout the year. 
Professor Gilmer, Professor Potts, Dr. Meyer and Assistants. Nurses 
from St. Luke's Hospital. The after-treatment of cases will be by 
students, under direction of Professor Gilmer. 

h. Special Surgical Clinic — Each section, one hour a week for 
five weeks. Dr. Meyer. 

i. Clinic in the Extraction of Teeth — Special extraction clinic 
for each section, one hour a week for five weeks. Dr. Merrifield 
and Dr. Talbot. 

j. Lecture"^' — Anesthetics — Historical review; state of the pa- 
tient; nature of operation; choice of anesthetic; prolonged dental 
operations; circumstances of administration; examination of patients; 
general anesthetics; local and regional anesthetics, dangers of anes- 
thesia; ether, chloroform, nitrous oxid; nitrous oxid and oxygen for 
anesthesia and analgesia; conductive anesthesia. One semester. One 
hour a week. Professor Potts. 

k. Clinical Administration of Anesthetics — Oral surgery clinic. 
Two hours a week. Professor Potts and Assistants. 

1. Clinical Demonstrations of Nitrous Oxid and Novocain An- 
esthesia — Daily in extracting clinic. Dr. Merrifield and Dr. Talbot. 

m. Radiography — Eight lecturesf and daily clinical instruction. 
Dr. Leach and Assistants. 

Orthodontia 

PROFESSOR SELLERY 
JUNIOR YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — General Principles in Orthodontia — Tak- 
ing impressions and making models; fitting of appliances. Causes of 
malocclusion ; principles of treatment ; methods of retention. The 
•object of this course is to familiarize the student with the philosophy 
of the correction of malocclusion so that he may undertake practical 
cases at the earliest possible time. First semester. One hour a week. 
Professor Sellery. 



*After 1918-19, this course will be given in the Junior year only. 
fAfter 1918-19, the lecture course in radiography will be given in the 
Junior year only. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



b. Laboratory — Constructing and tempering taps and dies of 
steel; drawing wire and tubing suitable for the construction of or- 
thodontia appliances. Making of pinch bands, clamp bands and re- 
tainers; application of these to models on the manikin. First semester. 
Three hours a wTek for eight weeks. Dr. McClain. 

SENIOR YEAR 

c. Lecture-recitation — Occlusion and Facial Art — Etiology, 
classification, diagnosis of malocclusion. The alveolus and alveolar 
processes, the peridental membranes, and use of models. First semes- 
ter. One hour a week. • Professor Sellery, Dr. Buckley and Dr. 
McClain. 

d. Lecture-recitation — Regulating Appliances, Angle, Guilford, 
Knapp — Anchorages, jack screws, levers, traction screws, extension 
arch and combinations, split plates, reciprocal anchorages, retention. 
Illustrated with models, with movable teeth and enlarged appliances. 
Stereopticon views, illustrating progressive regulation and final fixa- 
tion. Second semester. One hour a week. Professor Sellery, Dr. 
Buckley and Dr. McClain. 

e. Clinic — Open to students throughout the year for the cor- 
rection of cases in practice. Professor Sellery, Dr. Buckley, and 
Dr. McClain. 

f. Orthodontia Clinic — Each section one hour a week for five 
weeks. Prc^fessor Sellery. 

Pathology, General 

PROFESSOR POTTS 
JUNIOR YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — Etiology of Disease — Disorders of nutri- 
tion and metabolism; diabetes; fever; general circulatory disturb- 
ances; local hyperemia; local anemia; hemorrhage; embolism; infarc- 
tion; thrombosis; retrogressive processes; atrophy; infiltrations and 
degenerations ; necrosis ; inflammation ; progressive tissue changes ; 
neoplasms; infections; granulomata; bacteria, and diseases caused by 
them. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Potts, 
Dr. Bower and Dr. McClurg. 

b. Laboratory — Second semester. Class divided into sections, 
each section three hours a week. Recitations during laboratory hours. 
Professor Potts and Dr. Bower. 



32 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Physics 

MR. GURSLEE 
FRESHMAN YEAR 

This course in general physics is selected from the first year of 
college physics. As a preparation for it, the student should have a 
good understanding of high school physics. The first few weeks of 
the course will be devoted to selected problems in algebra and 
trigonometry. 

a. Lectwe-recitation — Kinematics, general properties of matter, 
special properties of matter, waves, sound, heat, magnetism, electricity, 
light, optical instruments. One hour a week throughout the year. 
Mr. Gurslee. 

b. Laboratory — Studies of the subjects covered in the lecture- 
recitation course. First semester. One three-hour period each week. 
Mr. Gurslee. 

PROBLEMS IN DENTAL PHYSICS 

A number of important problems in dental physics will be in- 
cluded in the courses in operative and prosthetic dentistry. These 
will include measurements of the force of the bite, the force required 
to chew various foods, tests of finger power, the force required to 
condense cohesive gold, the hardness of various filling materials, 
shrinkage and expansion of amalgams, shrinkage and expansion of 
plaster, the force used in closing flasks, etc. 

Physiology 

PROFESSOR WIGGIN 

SOPHOMORE YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — The structure of the elementary tissue; 
the chemical composition of the body; the blood; the circulation of 
the blood. First semester. Tw^o hours a w^eek. Professor Wiggin, 
Dr. Rovelstad, and Dr. Renn. 

b. Lecture-recitation — Respiration — Secretion ; food digestion ; 
metabolism; nutrition and diet; animal heat; excretion; muscle; nerve 
physiology; production of voice. Second semester. Two hours a 
week. Professor Wiggin, Dr. Rovelstad, and Dr. Renn. 

c. Laboratory — Studies of muscles, circulation and respiration. 
Class divided into sections, each section one three-hour period a week 
throughout one semester. Professor Wiggin, Dr. Matteson, and 
Assistants. 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 33 



JUNIOR YEAR 

d. Lecture-recitation — The Central Nervous System — Brain; 
spinal cord ; reproductive organs ; development. One hour a week 
throughout the year. Professor Wiggin, Dr. Rovelstad, and Dr. 
Renn. 

Physical Diagnosis 

PROFESSOR WIGGIN 
JUNIOR YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — Studies of the various parts of the body, 
technique, and general diagnosis. The pulse, chest, heart, valvular 
disease and other heart lesions. The lungs and pleural cavity. Dis- 
eases of stomach, pancreas, liver, intestines, spleen, kidneys. The 
bladder, rectal and genital organs. The blood, joints, nervous sys- 
tem. Second semester. One hour a week. Professor Wiggin. 

b. Laboratory — Class divided into small sections, each section 
one hour a week during four w^eks. Professor Wiggin. 



Prosthetic Dentistry* 



PROFESSOR PROTHERO, PROFESSOR KENNEDY, PROFESSOR STOUT, 
AND DR. RIDGWAY 

FRESHMAN YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — Prosthetic Technics — This course covers 
the fundamental principles of denture construction and crown and 
bridge work, and accompanies the laboratory course. One semester. 
Dr. Ridgway. 

b. Laboratory — Impression taking, model constructing, occlud- 
ing, w^axing, flasking; packing, vulcanizing, and finishing partial 
and full artificial dentures. Construction of crowns and dummies, 
all metal, and metal and porcelain ; assembling individual crowns and 
dummies to form bridges. Class divided into sections, each section 
nine hours a WTek throughout the year. Dr. Ridgway and Assistants. 



*In the courses in Prosthetic Dentistry scheduled for the several classes 
in 1918-19, there are certain duplications, necessitated by the changes made 
from the former three-year to the present four-year course. These duplica- 
tions will be eliminated as each class advances. In the Senior year of the 
four-year course, considerable time will be devoted to seminar work and 
thesis writing. 



34 N O R 1^ H W K S T E R N UNIVERSITY 



SOPHOMORE YEAR 

c. Lecture-recitation — Metallography — A descriptive course on 
the nature and physical properties of metals, especially those used 
in dentistry, with fundamental principles of their uses; the manipu- 
lation of metals, swaging, annealing, solders and soldering, welding, 
tempering. First semester. One hour a week. Professor Stout and 
Dr. Ridgway. 

d. Laboratory — Construction of dies and counter dies; swaging 
metal bases of German silver; attaching teeth by soldering and by 
vulcanite; construction of crowns and dummies, all metal, and metal 
and porcelain; assembling individual crowns and dummies to form 
bridges. First semester. Class divided into sections, each section 
nine hours a week. Dr. Ridgway and Assistants. 

e. Lecture-recitation — The physical properties of plaster of 
Paris and other materials employed in prosthesis. Muscles of masti- 
cation; force of the bite; movements of the lower jaw; natural 
arrangement and occlusion of artificial teeth. Second semester. One 
hour a week. Professor Stout and Dr. Ridgway. 

f. Laboratory — Construction of full metal and partial metal 
dentures, with teeth attached by soldering and by vulcanite; con- 
struction and application of clasps to partial dentures; advanced 
work in crowns and bridges. Second semester. Class divided into 
sections, each section nine hours a week. Dr. Ridgway and Assistants. 

JUNIOR YEAR 

g. Lecture-recitation — Review of technique principles outlined in 
previous courses; application to practical operations in the clinic. 
The physical properties of plaster of Paris and other materials em- 
ployed in prosthesis. Muscles of mastication; force of the bite; 
movements of the lower jaw; natural arrangement and occlusion of 
artificial teeth. One hour a week. Professor Prothero, Professor 
Stout, and Dr. Ridgway. 

h. Laboratory — Construction of full metal and partial metal 
base dentures, with teeth attached by soldering and by vulcanite; 
construction and application of clasps to partial dentures; advanced 
work in crowns and bridges. Class divided into sections, each section 
three hours a week. Professor Stout and Assistants. 

i. Prosthetic Clinic — Each student is required to carry to com- 
pletion for patients a number of practical cases, representing each 
of the various classes of prosthesis, amounting to at least one hundred 
and fifty points in crowns and bridges and one hundred and fifty 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 35 



points in denture construction. Professor Prothero, Professor Ken- 
nedy, and Assistants. 

SENIOR YEAR 

j. Lecture-recitation — Summary of recent methods and appli- 
ances; application of porcelain in prosthesis; porcelain crowns; porce- 
lain bridges, full porcelain dentures; gold casting applied to crowns 
and bridges; removable bridges; repairs to crowns and bridges; 
review of anatomical occlusion ; cleft palate appliances, splints for 
fractures. One hour a week. Professor Kennedy and Dr. Sholes. 

k. Laboratory — Cast aluminum base dentures; celluloid den- 
tures; banded Logan crowns; baked porcelain crowns; porcelain 
bridges; continuous gum dentures. Dr. Ridgway and Assistants. 

1. Prosthetic Clinic — Practical pieces of prosthetic work of all 
varieties made and fitted for patients in the clinic. The preparation 
of roots for crowns and the abutments of bridges; making and set- 
ting crowns and bridges. The minimum requirement is two hundred 
points in crowns and bridges and two hundred points in dentures. 
Professor Prothero, Professor Kennedy, and Assistants. 

m. Special Prosthetic Clinic — Each section one hour a week 
for five weeks. Professor Prothero. 



Technical Drawing 

FRESH iM AN YEAR 

a. Laboratory — This course is planned to give the student train- 
ing in drawing which will enable him to understand more readily 
and to portray more clearly the technical features of many problems 
presented in the dental course and in practice. Second semester. One 
three-hour period a week. 

Clinics 

The Operative, Prosthetic, Orthodontia, Extraction and Radio- 
graphic clinics are open to students' practice from 9 a.m. to 5 P.M. 
each week day during the school year, as well as during the summer 
vacation. There is at all times an abundant number of patients. It 
is intended that this clinical practice shall be as much like an 
actual dental practice as possible. The development of the ability 
to obtain and hold a practice, the observance of professional courtesy 
toward patients, so essential to success, is regarded equal in impor- 
tance to the development of manipulative ability. 



36 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



General Statements 

REQUIREMENTS FOR A DEGREE 

The degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery is conferred upon stu- 
dents recommended therefor by the Faculty of the School. Candi- 
dates are recommended who have attended the required courses of 
lectures, who have passed satisfactorily all required examinations in 
the subjects of study; who have completed the required clinical and 
laboratory work; who in the judgment of the Faculty are of fit moral 
character and- are twenty-one years of age, and who have discharged 
in full all financial obligations to the University. 

HONORS 

A dental scholastic honor society, the Omicron Kappa Upsilon, 
was organized in 19 16, upon the initiative of Northwestern Univer- 
sity Dental School. 

Membership is awarded to students who throughout their dental 
course have met every requirement without condition or failure, and 
whose record of grades earned during their entire course gives them 
highest rank. Twelve per cent of the graduating class of each year 
can achieve the honor of such membership. 

Summer Clinics 

The clinic rooms will be open all the year for the benefit of 
students who may wish to gain greater experience in clinical practice 
under competent supervision. The number of demonstrators during 
the summer Avill be ample for the class that may choose to remain 
at the school. The clinical material is abundant, and an excellent 
opportunity is afforded for clinical practice. 

Clinical Material 

The value and adequacy of the clinical instruction and experi- 
ence in practice to students is inestimable. The extent of it can be 
best understood by an examination of the subjoined condensed tabular 
statement, extracted from the Examiner's report for the year 191 7, 
showing the number of persons applying for clinical service. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



37 



1917 GENERAL SPECIAL TOTAL 

January 953 1,012 1,965 

February 908 730 1,638 

March 983 976 i,959 

April 907 797 1,704 

May 929 551 1,480 

June 680 348 1,028 

July 460 255 715 

August 858 338 1,196 

September 1,180 505 1,685 

October 1,162 979 2,141 

November 981 847 1,828 

December 661 607 1,268 

10,662 7,945 18,607 



The special patients are assigned to such students of their ac- 
quaintance as they ask to have take care of their cases, while the 
general patients are assigned by the Examiner to such students as 
need the particular experience and practice that their cases involve. 
Many of these general patients have come to the school for a number 
of 3'ears and continue to come in the same manner as they would 
go to the office of a dental practitioner. The school has thus acquired 
a very large clinic, really large enough for the instruction of a fairly 
large class of students, but the students are encouraged to have their 
friends ask for their especial services, as a step in the direction of the 
teaching of practice building. 

The operations performed for these 18,607 patients during the 
year included the following: 



8,832 gold fillings. 
2,715 gold inlays. 
8,881 amalgam fillings. 
1,492 cement fillings. 

537 pulps devitalized. 
1,594 pulps removed — cocain. 
-733 dead pulps removed. 

90 abscess treatments. 
268 root canal treatments. 
3,108 root fillings. 
7,331 scalings, and peridental 
membrane treatments. 
965 surgical treatments. 
23,826 teeth extracted. 
821 gas administrations. 



6,296 local anesthetics. 
71 orthodontia cases. 
17,235 radiographs, mouth films 
1,974 vulcanite dentures. 
13 gold dentures. 
13 aluminum dentures. 
25 Watt's-metal dentures. 
621 dentures repaired. 
333 gold crowns. 
382 Richmond crowns. 
129 detachable pin crowns. 
162 cast base crowns. 

6 other crowns. 
686 bridges. 
795 crown or bridge repairs. 



38 N O R 1 H W E S T E R N UNIVERSITY 



Text-Books 

Text-books and reference books will be on sale in the Library of 
the school at publishers' prices. There will be a small profit from 
the sale of these books, which will be used for the benefit of the 
library. Each student will be required to have the books designated 
below before participating in either recitation or laboratory exercises. 
Many reference books in the library may be used as needed. 

FRESHMAN YEAR 

A natoiny — Cunningham. 

Cunningham's Dissecting Manual, Vol. 1. 
Dental /inatoiny—lMack. 
Operative Dentistry — Black. 
Prosthetic Dentistry — Prothero. 
Inorganic Chemistry — Gordin. 

Exercises in Chemical Laboratory — McPherson & Henderson. 
Histology— \ia.\\ey C1914). 
College Zoology — Hegner. 
General Physics — Crew. 
Freshman English — Young. 

The English Familiar Essay — Bryan and Crane. 
Medical Dictionary — Stedman. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR 

Anatomy — Cunningham. (Same as Freshman year.) 

Cunningham's Dissector — Head, Neck and Thorax. 
Operative Dentistry — Black. (Same as Freshman year.) 
Prosthetic Dentistry — Prothero. (Same as Freshman year.) 
Histology — Bailey. (Same as Freshman year.) 
Dental Histology and Embryology — Noyes. 
Physiology — Howells. 
Chemistry, Organic— Gordin. 
Bacteriology — McNeal. 
Medical Dictiotiary — Stedman. (Same as Freshman year.) 

JUNIOR YEAR 

Operative Dentistry — Black. (Same as Freshman year.) 

Prosthetic Dentistry — Prothero. (Same as Freshman year.) 

Dental Pathology- — Black. 

Physiology — Stewart. 

Materia Medica — Prinz. 

Pathology — Adami & McCrea. 

Dental Histology and Embryology — Noyes. 

Physical Diagnosis — Cabot. 

A nesthesia — Fischer. 

Medical Dictionary — Stedman. (Same as Freshman year.) 

SENIOR YEAR 

Operative Dentistry — Black. (Same as Freshman year.) 

Prosthetic Dentistry — Prothero. (Same as Freshman year.) 

Dental Pathology—Black. 

Oral Surgery — Blair. 

Orthodontia — Angle. 

Dental Ethics and Jurisprudence — Noyes. 

A nesthesia — Fischer. 

Medical Dictionary — Stedman. (Same as Freshman year.) 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 39 



Instruments 

The instruments essential to the students in the several depart- 
ments of the school have been carefully studied and determined. 
Much care has been taken in the selection of the instrument sets that 
the variety of forms may be sufficient for the student's needs without 
being excessive. Close study of this subject and long, careful obser- 
vation of students and the progress they make in the attainment of 
manipulative skill show their progress to be closely related to their 
instrument equipment. Therefore this school must demand that the 
instrument sets required be obtained by each student as a condition 
to his continuance in school work. 

In operative dentistry it is found that a close adherence to the 
formula plan, in the study of cutting instruments particularly, is 
essential in teaching the important subject of cavity preparation, and 
this will be carried out critically in all the departments of the school. 
This teaching is begun in the technic classes and the same lines of 
instruction are followed progressively by teachers and demonstrators 
in all of the departments to the end of the Senior year, the same 
instrument sets being used throughout the course of study. 

In prosthetic dentistry and in the several laboratories a similar 
care as to instruments is maintained. 

The instruments in the list are required because they are essen- 
tial to the student's progress, and students must provide them. 
Students should not bring with the??!, nor purchase, instruments of 
other patterns, for they cannot be received as equivalents of the 
required sets. They are the same as those that have been required in 
former years. No student is required to make changes in his instru- 
ment sets during his four years' course, and these instruments form 
his instrument equipment for entering practice after graduation. 

Instruments and appliances are required to be of form 
and quality approved by the school. For the year 191 8-19 the School 
has arranged with several reliable Dental Supply Houses to furnish 
the required equipment for each class in sealed packages, and these 
packages will be delivered through a representative of this School. 
Each student is charged for the complete equipment of instruments, 
appliances and books, all of which will be delivered at the time of 
payment of tuition. 



40 



N O R T H W E S 1^ E R N UNIVERSITY 



Instruments Required in 
Freshman Year 



918-19 



All except those marked "Specials for Freshmen" are required throughout entire 
four year course. 

OPERATIVE OUTFIT 

48 Cutting Instruments, the University Set. 



ACCESSORIES. 
1 Explorer, No. 3. 
) Hand Mallet, No. 5. 
i Arkansas Stone, 2x5x-)^ inches. 

1 Bottle of Oil. 
3 Boxes Tapered. Polishing Strips, coarse, 

medium and fine grits. 

2 Broach Holders, metal handles. 
1 Alcohol Lamp, with annealing tray. 
1 Lowell Pin Vise. 
1 Boley Millimeter Gauge. 
1 Pocket Lens, two glasses.- 

SPECIALS FOR FRESHMEN. 
1 Work Box. 

1 Card Board arranged for tooth sections. 
1 Card Board arranged for instruments. 
1 Spool Black Silk. 
12 Small Wood Blocks for mounting. 
6 Ivory Carving Blocks. 

PROSTHETIC 
1 Plaster Bowl, "B." 
1 Plaster Spatula, No. 17. 
1 each Impression Trays, Uppers Nos. 2, 

22. 
1 each Impression Trays, Lowers Nos. 3, 

25. 
1 Snow New Century Occluding Frame. 
1 Snow's Face Bow. 

3 Snow Bite Locks. 
1 box Pink Wax. 
1 Prothero's Wax Spatula. 
1 iron Vulcanite Flask, large size. 
1 Flask Wrench, No. 10. 
1 Vulcanite File, D. E., half round, 8 

inches. 

4 Wilson Vulcanite Trimmers, Nos. 1, 2, 

4 and 5 special (Kingsley blade). 
1 Felt Cone, large blunt. 
1 Felt Wheel, No. 2. 

1 each Brush Wheels, Nos. 4, 20, 26. 

2 Lathe Chucks. 
1 Carborundum Wheel, l^^xVi inch, grit 

"B." 
1 Carborundum Wheel, l^x^ inch, grit 

"D." 
1 Crocker Lathe Arbor. 
1 Mechanical Saw Frame. 
1 dozen each Mechanical Saws, Nos. 00, 2. 
1 pair Plate Shears, No. 1. 
1 pair Flat-nosed Pliers, 4J^ inches. 
1 pair Prothero's Contouring Pliers. 
1 Hickory Stick, 4 in. long, ^x^, tapered 

to 3-16x^. 
1 Horn Mallet. 
1 Plate Punch No. 1. 
1 Solder Tweezers, "A," 
1 Solder Tweezers, "L." 
1 pair Solder Pliers, long beaks. 



1 Stick Black Sealing Wax. 

1 Piece Brass Tubing for cleaning files, 

3^x6 inches. 
50 Pieces Brass Wire, 4>4 inches long, 13 

gauge. 
1 Instrument Roll. 

1 Package Barbed Root Broaches, assorted. 
1 Package Smooth Broaches. 
1 Box Piano Wire, length 6 in., gauge 25. 
1 Grobet File, half round, 5 in.. No. 1. 
1 Grobet File, half round, 5 in., No. 3. 
1 Straight Chisel 50. 

1 Book Transparent Water Colors. 

2 Camel's Hair Brushes, No. 1 and No. 7. 

2 Carborundum Stones, Nos. 307, 310, coarse 
grit. 

1 Revolving Head Engine Bur Holder. 
1 Each Engine Burs — 

round, 12, 16, 20 mm. (Nos. 3, 5, 7). 

inv. cone, 12, 14 mm. (Nos. 36, 37;. 

fissure, 16, 20 mm. (Nos. 60. 62). 

OUTFIT 

1 Prothero's Plate Burnisher. 

1 Compound Blow Pipe. 

I Asbestos Soldering Block, No. 2. 

1 Borax Slate. 

1 Plate File, Grobet, half round, 5 inches, 

No. 3. 
1 Gas Burner, No. 12, with spider. 
18 inches Rubber Tubing, J4 inch. 
54 inches Rubber Tubing, 5/16 inch. 
1 spool Annealed Iron Wire, 36 gauge. 
^2 lb. Special Asbestos. 
1 Melotte's Mouldine Outfit. 

3 lbs. Babbitt Metal. 
3 lbs. Counter- Die Metal. 
1 set of (2) Casting Rings. 

1 can Calcar or Moulding Sand. 
5 dwts. Silver Solder. 
Vz lb. Modeling Composition. 

3 sheets Sandpaper, No. 1. 

4 sheets Red Rubber, 

2 sheets Pink Rubber. 
1 bottle Vaseline. 
1 bottle Sandarac Varnish. 
1 bottle Shellac V'arnish. 
1 Shaker Talcum Powder. 
1 box Crystal Borax. 
4 inches Steel Wire, % inch diameter. 
12 inches German Silver Wire, 16 gauge. 
1 Wire Soldering Frame, 4x4 inches. 
1 pair Pliers, No. 121. 

1 piece of German Silver Plate, 22 gauge. 

1 piece Aluminum Plate, 16 gauge. 

1 pair Improved Ivory Cleavers, large size 

metal handles. 
1 pair Prothero's Files with metal handles. 
1 pair Crown and Collar Scissors, No. 11. 
1 pair Improved Hawk-bill pliers. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



41 



ANATOMY LABORATORY 

1 Dissecting outfit. Each student is required to have an apron, and a white 
cap and gown. 

Sophomore Year 

All of these Instruments and Appliances are required in the Junior and Senior 
years also. 

OPERATIVE OUTFIT 



CUTTING INSTRUMENTS. 

34 Instruments to complete the University 
Set of 48 Instruments. 

GOLD FILLING INSTRUMENTS. 

1 Automatic Mailct. 
I each Plugger Points. 
5-10- 3, Round. 
7!/2-IO- 3, Round. 
9-10- 3, Round. 
5- 1- 0, Bayonet. 
7H- 3- 0. Bayonet. 
lOx 5- 3- 3. Parallelogram. 
5x10- 3- 3, Parallelogram. 
12x 6- 6-10. ParalleloKram. 
6x12- 6-10, Parallelogram. 
20x 5- 2-18, Foot. 
I5x 5- 5-12, Foot. 
I5x 5- 3-18, Foot. 
1 each Long Handle Pluggers. 
5-1-23 Round. 
5-2-23 Round. 
1 pair Direct Stroke Quadrangle Foot Plug- 
gers. 

3 Long Handles, No. 4 Automatic Thread. 

1 Black's Holding Instrument. 

FINISHING INSTRUMENTS. 

2 Finishing Knives, 12 and 18 angles. 

4 Finishing Files, 6 and 94 angles. 
1 Black's Saw Frame. 

1 doz. Kaeber's Saws, one edge. 
1 doz. Thread Saws. 



AMALGAM PLUGGERS. 



35x15-7-12 

15x35-7-12 

35-7-12 

25-7-12 

15-7-12 



10x30-7-12 
30x10-7-12 



SCALERS. 



"G. V. Black School Set of Scalers," 14 
instruments, as follows: 

For Serumal Calculus. 
1 pair of Peridental Explorers, 15-8-6, R. 

and L. 
1 pair of Pull Scalers, 15, F. and B. (for- 
ward and backward curved blades). 
1 pair of Pull Scalers, 15-8-6, R. and L. 
1 pair of Pull Scalers, 15-8-12, R. and L. 
1 pair of Push Scalers, 15-8-12, R. and L. 
For Salivary Calculus. 

*This specially designed Instrument Case, constructed of steel, may be purchased 

for $15.00. If desired, the school will, at the end of the completed course, upon the 
return of the case in good condition, refund $7.00 to the purchaser. 



1 pair of Pull Scalers, Nos. 33 and 34. 
1 Cleoid Scaler, 25. 
1 Sickle Scaler, 20. 

GOLD INLAY INSTRUMENTS. 

I Burnishing and Trimming Instrument. 

1 pair R. and L. Trimming Knives. 

1 Casting Ring, sprue and former (Tag- 

gart). 
1 box Taggart Wax. 

ENGINE AND INSTRUMENTS. 

1 Cord Driven Dental Engine. 
1 Contra-angle Hand-piece. 
1 each Round Sizes 

Burs Nos. 

1 doz. each Invert- Sizes 
ed Cone Burs Nos. 

2 each Fissure Sizes 
Burs, square end Nos. 

1 each Fissure Sizes 

Burs, round end Nos. 
1 each Finishing Sizes 

Burs, round Nos. 

1 each Finishing Sizes 

Burs, oval Nos. 

1 each Drills, Sizes 

bi-beveled Nos. 

Sizes of Burs are given in tenths of 
millimeters. 
1 Porte Polisher, No. 307. 

1 box Wood Polishing Points. 

6 boxes Stiff Polishing Brushes. 

2 Mandrels, No. 303. 

1 Mandrel, Morgan-Maxfield. 

Burs for Contra-angle Hand-piece. 
6 each Inverted Cone, 8, 10, 12 mm. 
1 each Fissure, 10, 12, 16 mm. 
1 Porte Polisher. 
1 Mandrel, 303. 
1 Morgan-Maxfield ■ Mandrel. 
1 box each Emery Paper Disks, Vt inch, 

grits Nos. 00, 1. 
1 box each Sand Paper Disks, §^ inch, 

grits Nos. 00, 1. 
1 box each Cuttlefish Paper Disks, yi 

inch and H inch. 
1 Wire Brush for cleaning broaches, all 

brass. 

ACCESSORIES. 

*1 "Northwestern" Instrument Case, new 

model, 1916-17. 
1 Mouth Mirror, No. 3. 



12 16 


20 




3 5 


7 




8 10 


12 


16 


34 35 


36 


38 


10 12 


16 




57 58 


60 




10 12 






57 58 






25 40 






204 201 






25 40 






219 222 


* 




12 16 






102 104 







42 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



1 pair "College" Cotton Pliers. 

1 each Explorers, R. and L. No. 13, 14. 

1 each Burnishers, 2, 26, 28. 

1 pair Foil Carriers, No. 12. 

1 Cement Spatula, No. 24. 

1 Mixing Tablet, plate glass, 2x.Sx>4. 

1 Mortar and Pestle, No. 5. 

1 Root Canal Plugger, No. 35. 

J Root Canal Plugger, No. 36. 

1 Box Gutta-Percha Root Canal Points, 

assorted. 
1 Box Bibulous Paper Points. 
] Sheet Steel for Matrices. 
6 Perry Separators', A, B, C, D, E, F, with 

wrench. 
1 Rubber Dam Punch. 
1 Universal Rubber Dam Clamp Forceps. 
1 pair Special Third-Molar Rubber Dam 

Clamps, right and left. 
1 each Rubber Dam Clamps, Nos. 18, 26. 
1 pair Rubber Dam Clamps for Roots. 
1 Hatch Cervical Clamp. 

1 Rubber Dam Holder. 

2 Rubber Dam Weights. 

1 Water Syringe, No. 22, special nozzle. 
1 Chip Syringe, with valve in the back 

end. Nozzle same as 22. 
i Water Glass, not over 3 inch diameter, 
1 Special bracket for water glass. 
1 package orange wood sticks. 
1 Grobet File, half round, 3-inch, No. 2. 
1 pair Straight Scissors, 5-inch. 

1 Opal Glass Tray, to hold six broaches. 

6 Broach Holders, metal handles. (These 
in addition to two required in Fresh- 
man year.) 

2 Bottles for used broaches, 3 inches long 

by }^ or ^ diameter outside. 
1 Glass Slab for sterilizing broaches. 

3 Opal Glass Medicine Dishes, l^xl^x^. 
1 Bottle Alcohol, with pipette through cork. 
3 boxes Pink Base-plate Gutta-percha. 50 

pieces J4 inch square, 25 pieces }^ 
inch square, 25 pieces J^xl inch. 



1 spool of Waxed Floss, 100 yards in 

special container. 

1 package Absorbent Pellets, 3 sizes. 

1 package Cotton Rolls, 2 sizes. 

1 package Gauze. 

1 package Absorbent Cotton, 1 oz. 

1 Instrument Sterilizing Bag. 



PROSTHETIC OUTFIT* 



1 pair Prothero's Contouring Pliers. 

1 Hickory Stick, 4 in. long, H'^14, tapered 

to 3-16x^. 
] Plate Punch No. 1. 
1 Solder Tweezers, "A." 
1 Solder Tweezers, "L." 
1 pair Solder Pliers, long beaks. 
1 Prothero's Plate Burnisher. 
1 Compound Blow Pipe. 
1 Asbestos Soldering Block, No. 2. 
1 Borax vSlate. • 
1 Plate File, Grobet, half round, 5 inches, 

No. 3. 
54 inches Rubber Tubing, 5/16 inch. 
'/2 lb. Special Asbestos. 
1 Melotte's Mouldine Outfit. 
3 lbs. Babbitt Metal. 

3 lbs. Counter-Die Metal. 

1 set of (2) Casting Rings. 

] can of Calcar or Moulding Sand. 

5 dwts. Silver Solder. 

] box Crystal Borax. 

4 inches Steel Wire, }4 inch diameter. 

12 inches German Silver Wire, 16 gauge. 

1 Wire Soldering Frame, 4x4 inches. 

1 pair Pliers, No. 121. 

1 piece of German Silver Plate, 22 gauge. 

1 piece Aluminum Plate, 16 gauge. 

1 pair Improved Ivory Cleavers, large size 

metal handles. 
1 pair Prothero's Files with metal handles. 
1 pair Crown and Collar Scissors, No. 11. 



1 pair Improved Hawk-bill pliers. 



Junior Year 



These Instruments and Appliances, except those marked "Special for Juniors 
only," are required in the Senior year. 



SURGICAL CASE. 

1 Leather Pocket Case. 

1 Scalpel, IJ^-inch blade. 

1 Bistory, 1^-inch blade. 

1 Scalpel, ^-inch blade. 

1 Keratome, 5/16x5/16 blade. 

1 Currette, disk, 5/16 diameter. 

1 Periosteotome. 

1 Tenaculum. 

1 Sharp Steel Probe. 

1 Silver Probe. 

1 Grooved Director. 

1 Exploring Needle. 

1 pair Tissue Forceps. 

1 pair Artery Forceps, 4J4 inch. 

1 pair Surgeon's Scissors, 4^ inch, straight 



PORCELAIN INSTRUMENTS. 

1 pair "K" Pliers. 

1 pair Ball Pliers. 

4 Thompson Burnishers, Nos. 3, 4, 5 and 

2 Camel's Hair Brushes. 



SPECIAL FOR JUNIORS ONLY. 

1 Martin Screw Plate, holes Nos. to 12 

series "B." 
1 Draw Plate, special. 
Yz lb. German Silver Plate, 28 gauge. 
12 inches German Silver Wire, 14 gauge. 
12 inches German Silver Wire, 16 gauge 
12 inches Stub's Steel Wire, 93-1000. 



'All of these items are included in the Freshman Prosthetic outfit for 1918-19. 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 43 

Fees and Expenses 

FOR THE YEAR I918-I919 

Matriculation Fee $5-00 

This fee is to be paid when a student first matriculates in any 
department of the Universit)^, and covers subsequent matriculations 
in the same or other departments. It is to be paid but once and is in 
no case returnable. 

Registration Deposit, each year $5.00 

This deposit must be paid when names are enrolled for classes. 
It will be credited on the tuition fee for the current year. It is not 
returnable in case the student fails to attend. If the first matricula- 
tion of the student is in the Dental School, the matriculation fee will 
serve as a registration fee for that year, but the matriculation fee is 
not credited on the tuition fee. 

Tuition Fee J each year $200.00 

This fee includes the registration deposit, but not the matricula- 
tion fee. It includes all laboratory fees for equipment, supplies, 
manuals and notebooks. Each student is provided with a locker 
for the protection of his private property. The student must furnish 
his own lock. 

Final Examination Fee, for Seniors $10.00 

Time of Payment of Tuition — The tuition fee is payable at the 
beginning of the school year. It may be paid in two installments, 
$100.00 at the beginning of the first semester and $100.00 at the 
beginning of the second semester. If installments are not paid within 
ten days of the opening of the semester, $2.00 will be added, but 
in no case may payment be deferred more than thirty days. Payments 
should be made in currency or in Chicago exchange drawn to the 
order of Northwestern University. Out-of-town personal checks are 
not accepted. 

Refunds — No fees for tuition will be refunded except in cases 
of sickness. If on account of serious illness a student withdraws 
from the School before the end of the school year, a share of his 
tuition fee may be refunded, provided he secures from the Dean a 
statement of honorable standing, and from a physician a certificate 
that his health will not permit him to remain in attendance. No 
application for a refund will be considered unless made within thirty 
days after withdrawal from the School on account of sickness. 



44 NORIHWESTEJ^N UNIVERSITY 



COST OF HOOKS AND EQUIPMENT 

The amounts given below are as nearly correct as can be de- 
termined in advance, owing to the changes which may occur in prices 
or in the selection of books, instruments and other equipment. As 
many of the books and almost all of the other equipment listed for 
each of the first three years are required in the succeeding years, 
the figures given apply only to those students entering this school as 
Freshmen. Students entering with advanced standing, or by transfer 
from other Dental Schools, will be required to purchase whatever 
may be necessary of the books and equipment listed for preceding 
years. 

For the year 191 8-19, the School will supply the books and 
equipment for the several classes. On account of the difficulty of 
securing equipment, orders were placed far in advance, so that stu- 
dents are assured of having everything necessary for the pursuit of 
their work. In order to reduce the cost of equipment as much as 
possible, the School will supply certain items, such as student operat- 
ing cases, etc., which the student will not need after graduation, upon 
a rental basis. 

The student should come prepared to purchase the complete outfit 
of books and instruments at the opening of school, in addition to at 
least the first semester tuition. 



ESTIMATE OF COST OF BOOKS AND EQUIPMENT FOR EACH CLASS 
FOR THE YEAR I918-I919 

Freshman year, books as per required list, about $ 50.00 

Instruments and other equipment, as per required list, about. . . . 125.00 

$175.00 

Sophomore year, books, about $ 20.00 

Instruments and other equipment, about 240.00 

$260.00 

Junior year, books, about $ 20.00 

Instruments and other equipment, about 80.00 

$100.00 
Senior year, books, about $ 25.00 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 45 



ESTIMATE OF TOTAL EXPENSES FOR FOUR-YEAR COURSE FOR FRESH- 
MEN ENTERING IN OCTOBER, I918, DUPLICATIONS IN 
ABOVE ESTIMATES BEING ELIMINATED 

Freshman year, matriculation, tuition, books and equipment $ 380.00 

Sophomore year, tuition, books and equipment 375-oo 

Junior year, tuition, books and equipment ^ 250.00 

Senior year, tuition, final examination fee, books and equipment. 235.00 

TOTAL $1,240.00 

This is an average of about $300.00 per year. The equipment 
includes practically everything required for a dentist's office, except 
dental chair and office furniture, so that while the expense for equip- 
ment in school is considerable, it should not be counted as a school 
expense, but rather as a part of the expense of office equipment. After 
the Sophomore year, the expense in addition to the tuition is small, so 
that the student is likely to be better prepared to meet the cost of 
office equipment at the time of graduation. 

UNIVERSITY NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR PERSONAL LOSSES 

The University is not responsible for the loss of any personal 
property belonging to any of the students in any building owned by 
the University, whether the loss occurs by theft, fire, or an unknown 
^cause. 

CHARGE FOR BREAKAGE 

Students will be held responsible for unnecessary damage to or 
breakage of the apparatus, equipment, furniture or other property 
of the University. 

students' extra funds 

Students w^ho bring with them larger amounts of funds than 
their immediate requirements necessitate may deposit the same in the 
University business office, in the rotunda on first floor, and draw on 
this deposit from time to time as needed, under such regulations as 
may be prescribed. 

BOARD and room 

Rooms and board may be obtained at $6.00 to $9.00 a week. 
Rooms without board, furnished or unfurnished, may be had at 
$6.00 to $10.00 a month. 



46 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



A department of the Y. M. C. A. is maintained in the Univer- 
sity Building, which looks especially to the students' interest in this 
direction. 

In case students are compelled to do some outside work to assist 
them while attending school, this department will also endeavor to 
secure such employment as the student may be able to do without 
detriment to his educational work. 

THE UNIVERSITY DORMITORIES 

The University dormitories are situated on the North Campus 
near the University Gymnasium, and within a five-minute walk to 
the Elevated trains with direct service to Chicago. 

Applications for the reservation of rooms should be made to the 
Secretary of the Dental School and should be accompanied by a 
deposit of $10. 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 47 



Post-Graduate Course 

The annual post-graduate course will begin on February 3r(i, 
1919, and continue four weeks. There will be two hours of lectures 
and six hours of laboratory courses, demonstrations or clinical work 
each day. A clinical operating room, and a laboratory for prosthetic 
work, porcelain and inlay work, entirely separate from those used by 
the regular students of the School, have been provided for post-grad- 
uate students, each of whom will have opportunity to do a specified 
amount of work in the laboratories and of operating in the clinic 
under direction of the instructors in charge of the various courses. 
Complete outfits of instruments, tools, and materials will be supplied 
by the School. 

In this course especial attention will be given to the following 
subjects: 

Oral Surgery — Acute infections of the mouth and their treatment : 
infections of the maxillary sinuses; fractures of the maxillary bones; 
tumors of the mouth; resection of roots, removal of impacted teeth, 
etc. Lectures and clinics. Professor Gilmer, Professor Potts, Dr. 
Meyer and Assistants. 

Diseases of the Peridental Membrane — Chronic suppurative peri- 
cementitis and its treatment; focal mouth infections in relation to 
systemic disease. Work of the past few years in the Research De- 
partment of the School in the study of the patholog}' of the investing 
tissues of the teeth the basis for rational treatment; a thorough and 
practical system of examination and determination of plans of manage- 
ment of cases; methods of treatment radically different from those 
commonly employed ; methods of prevention of the diseases of the 
peridental membrane will be presented. Professor Black, Dr. Hatton, 
Dr. Merrifield and Assistants. 

Technic of Pulp and Root Canal Treatment — Recently gathered 
statistics show that a very small percentage of abscesses occur m 
cases in which good root fillings are made, and that abscesses occur 
in about 65 per cent of cases in which root fillings are not well made. 
It is therefore the duty of ever}^ dentist to bring his root canal technic 
up to the highest degree of efficiency. The technic presented in this 
course is thorough and definitely systematized. Those taking the 
course will have ample opportunity to gain practical experience in 
the special clinic, and all operations will be checked with radiographs. 
Professor Gethro, Dr. Lundquist and Assistants. 



48 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Operative Dentistry — Cavity preparation, technic for j^old fill- 
ings, gold inlays, amalgam fillings. The principles of scientific cavity 
preparation w^ill be discussed, and stress will be placed on the im- 
portance of thoroughly systematic procedures by each operator in 
order to get practical results in daily practice. Many of the finer 
details will be brought out in the operations in the post-graduate 
clinic. Professor Blackwell, Dr. Matteson and Assistants. 

Prosthetic Dentistry — Porcelain jacket crowns, baked porcelain 
crowns, fixed and removable bridge-work, along most modern lines 
to conserve the pulps of teeth and prevent inflammations of the 
gingivae, and the construction of artificial dentures to secure anatomi- 
cal occlusion will receive most attention in this course. Each member 
of the class will have opportunity to carry out work in the laboratory 
and to construct practical cases for patients. Professor Prothero, 
Dr. Stout, Dr. Ridgway and Assistants. 

Orthodontia — Many cases of orthodontia are in progress in the 
School clinic at all times and these will be presented before the class 
each Saturday for discussion. A considerable number of these patients 
have appointments on Tuesdays and Thursdays, so that those who 
desire will have ample opportunity to study them. Lectures will 
also be given throughout the course. Professor Sellery, Dr. Buckley 
and Dr. McClain. 

Anesthesia and Extraction of Teeth — This course will consist 
of a series of lectures and demonstrations on the administration of 
nitrous oxid and oxygen and the use of novocain. Demonstrations will 
be given in connection with the oral surgery clinics and daily in the 
extraction clinic. Those taking the course will have ample oppor- 
tunity for practical experience, both in the uses of these methods of 
anesthesia and in the extraction of teeth. The extraction clinic is 
busy from 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. daily. Nearly 24,000 teeth were ex- 
tracted during the year 191 7. Dr. Hatton, Dr. Merrifield, and Dr. 
Talbot. 

Dental Radiography — This course will consist of practical dem- 
onstrations in taking radiographs and in reading them. Thousands 
of films are mounted for study before illuminating boxes. This de- 
partment is busy from 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. daily. Over 17,000 mouth 
films were made during the year 191 7. Dr. Westaby and Assistants. 

Dental Histology — A combined lecture and laboratory course in 
the study of those features of dental histology which are of the most 
practical value in the study of diseases of the peridental membrane and 
in operative dentistry. Professor Thomas and Professor Skillen. 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 49 



Clinical Experience — The clinical material available Is prac- 
tically unlimited, and each practitioner taking the course will be 
supplied with patients for practical cases. A special operating room 
is fully equipped for the exclusive use of those taking the course. 

POST-GRADUATE COURSE FEES 

Matriculation fee $ 5.00 

Tuition 100.00 

Of this tuition fee, ten dollars is set aside for the Dental Re- 
search Fund of the School. The above fees cover the entire cost of 
the course; all necessary Instruments, equipment, materials, etc., are 
furnished without additional charge. The tuition Is the same, whether 
one desires to take all or only a part of the course. Those wishing 
to omit certain subjects will have opportunity to put extra time on 
others. 

Military Service Course 

If the war shall not have come to an end, a Military Service 
Course will be given, beginning February 3rd, 1919, and continuing 
four weeks, for those who may contemplate entering the Army or 
Navy Dental Corps, or who hold commissions, but have not been 
called to active duty. 

The object of this course Is to better prepare dentists for military 
service, especially In those features In which the dentist may be of 
assistance to the general or oral surgeon In the care of Injuries of the 
jaws, face and neck. The need for men WMth this special training is 
likely to be very great. A similar course was given In Februar}^ 
1 91 8, and proved to be of material value to those who attended. 

During the past school year, Northwestern University Dental 
School conducted two four-weeks courses for officers assigned from 
the Plastic and Oral Surgery Division of the U. S. Army, by direction 
of the Surgeon General. The military service course, here scheduled, 
will duplicate the official army courses as closely as possible. 

This course will consist of two hours of lectures, and four to 
six hours of laboratory courses, demonstrations or hospital clinics each 
day. All Instruments, equipment and materials for the several labo- 
ratory courses will be provided by the School. The schedule will 
Include the following: 

Anatomy — Dissection of the head and neck by members of 

the class 50 hours 



50 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Surgical Anatomy and Operative Surgery — Lectures and 
demonstrations on the cadaver; surgical anatomy of the 
face, mouth and jaws; ligation of the vessels of the neck; 
plastic surgery of the face, jaws and neck; plastics on skin 
and scars, suturing, transplantation of fat; bone and 
cartilage transplantation, nose and jaws 24 hours 

Infections and Inflanunations — Focal infections in general; 
chronic focal infections of mouth and jaws, acute infec- 
tions of mouth, face and neck; bacteriology of mouth and 
jaw infections, gas gangrene, tetanus, etc 10 hours 

Gun Shot Injuries and Infections — Treatment of open 
wounds; the various solutions; immediate closing of 
wounds; blood transfusion; foreign bodies in the pharynx, 
trachea, oesophagus 10 hours 

F?-actures and Dislocations of the Jaws — Causes and study 
of the anatomy of the parts; displacements; various 
methods of treatment; prevention of deformities; pros- 
thetic restorations of nose and mouth parts; construction 
of various forms of splints by members of the class. . . .30 hours 

Anesthesia — Lectures and demonstrations of both local and 

general anesthesia 5 hours 

Roentgenology — Lectures and demonstrations 4 hours 

Extraction of Teeth — Practical experience in extraction of 
teeth under both local and general anesthesia, by mem- 
bers of the class, time set aside for each 2 hours 

Surgical clinics at Cook County, St. Luke's, Presbyterian, 
Wesley, Augustana, St. Joseph's, North Chicago Hos- 
pitals 40 hours 

MILITARY SERVICE COURSE FEES 

Matriculation fee $ 5.00 

Tuition 100.00 

Tuition, for dentists holding commissions in the army or 

navy, but not on active duty 60,00 

Of the tuition fee, ten dollars is set aside for the Dental Research 
Fund of the School. The above fees cover the entire cost of the 
course; all necessary instruments, equipment, materials, etc., are fur- 
nished without additional charge. 

For further information, address Northwestern University Dental 
School, 31 W. Lake St., Chicago. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



51 



Register of Students, 1917-1918 



SENIORS 



Ackemann, William Herman. Illinois 
Acker, Kemp Girard. .Pennsylvania 

Aiken, George Harvey Illinois 

Allen, Paul Emil Illinois 

Baghdikian, Yeghia Boghos. Armenia 

Bailey, Allyn Collins Iowa 

Barker, Harry P Canada 

Bignell, Kenneth Alfred. .Wisconsin 

Black, Hugh Edwin Texas 

Borg, Fritz Herman Illinois 

Bosma, Kathryn Bernice Iowa 

Bowe, Clyde Carson. .. South Dakota 
Boyland, Charles Robert. .. .Indiana 

Brasmer, William Otto Illinois 

*Bresee, Thomas Frederick. Montana 

Burk, Robert Rex Illinois 

Burman, Frank Phillip Illinois 

Cann, Ivan Cyril Minnesota 

Carmichael, Mary F California 

Carpenter, George Sherburne. .Mich. 

Cartwright, Glenn Edon Ohio 

Chang, Sau Yee Hawaii 

Coe, Harold Wesley Illinois 

Collings, William Joseph. .Montana 

Cooke, Ray S Wisconsin 

Cramer, Myron F Minnesota 

Creuzot, Percy Pennington. Louisiana 
Cuolahan, Paul Begoe. .. .Wisconsin 

Currier, Clark Payne Illinois 

Dahnke, Emil K Nebraska 

Dalgleish, Rolland Chester .... Utah 

Davy, Reuben Roy Illinois 

Deighton, Herbert Harper Utah 

Deindoerfer, Charles Robert. . . .Ohio 
Devery, Wilbert Francis. .. .Illinois 
*Drehmel, William Lloyd .Minnesota 
Eberlein, Clarence Albert. Minnesota 
Edgren, Reuben Henry ... .Michigan 

Elfenbaum, Arthur Illinois 

Erdahl, Henry A Minnesota 

Fair, Ralph James Michigan 

Fauerbach, Frederick William. .Wis. 
Ferguson, Cecil O.... North Dakota 

Fifield, Hugo Harrison Indiana 

*Fischer, Ferdinand George. Illinois 
Fisher. Wilson Keltv Illinois 



Fjelstad, Olin Calmar. . . .Wisconsin 

Fluent, Stanley H Iowa 

Foley, Claude James Canada 

Fortnev, Almon Daniel. . . .Wisconsin 

Fonts, Willard H Illinois 

Freud, Sidney Barker Illinois 

Fried, Irwin Robert Illinois 

Frink, Lila M South Dakota 

Gates, Orie John Wisconsin 

Gillis, Joseph Eugene. .. .Wisconsin 
Godowsky, Ulysses Gilbert. .Illinois 
Goodwin, Boyd Cooper. .. .Arkansas 

Graffin, Lester Paul Illinois 

Gurslee, Christian Bernard. . .Minn. 
Gutman, Morris Harold. .. .Georgia 
Halverson, Arnold Eugene. Wisconsin 

Hamm, Wayne Lee Illinois 

Hay, Edward L Indiana 

Heisler, John C Missouri 

Hellebo, Lloyd Frithiof . . .Wisconsin 

Henderson, Robert Ray Illinois 

Hibbe, Harper Jerome Illinois 

*Hinman, Donald McLennan. Illinois 

Hoerner, Harry John Illinois 

Hoffman, Oscar H.... North Dakota 
Holtzman, Clarence Weldon. Illinois 

Holz, Carl William Illinois 

Hopkins, Joseph Anthony ... .Illinois 

Hurlstone, Frank James Illinois 

Huscher, Fred George Illinois 

Hutson, Philip . . . : Wisconsin 

Jacobson, Irvin LeRoy. .. .Minnesota 

Jaeger, Mrs. Bessie Illinois 

Johannes, Gustav Charles. . .Illinois 

Johnson, Gustave E Illinois 

Johnson, Howard Morton.. So. Dak. 
Johnson, Max Magnus.. .Washington 
Johnson, William Joseph... So. Dak. 

Johnsten, John J Arkansas 

Jonas, Arthur Montana 

Jones, David Arthur Utah 

Jones, William Walter Illinois 

Kaffie, Malcolm Ellis Louisiana 

*Kelly, John W Iowa 

Kendrick, Kenneth Kernan .Missouri 
King, James Wilfred Oregon 



♦Matriculated but not in attendance. 



52 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Kozlou, Edward Micliigan 

Kuhre, Martin G Utah 

Kulvinsky, Abraham Illinois 

Lindsey, Charles Frank. .. .Missouri 

Lippert, Jacob Leopold Illinois 

Livingston, George Bernard. Illinois 
Lockwood, Hillyard Hanna. .Canada 
Lowum, Franziska Leistad. .Norway 

*Lyons, William J,, Jr Illinois 

Maggid, Nathan Mayer Illinois 

Mann, Harry South Dakota 

Mazur, Florence Marquisette. Illinois 

McAnlis, John Albert Kansas 

McGruer, Earl North Dakota 

McGruer, John James. North Dakota 

Mcintosh, Robert Oregon 

McLean, Harold Peter 

British West Indies 

McNulty, Cletus Joseph Illinois 

Mead, Silas Frank. .. .South Dakota 

Meyer, John H Minnesota 

Miles, Colton Benjamin Canada 

Miller, Jerome Jacob. . . .New York 

Mitchell, James Herbert Canada 

Moen, Norris Wisconsin 

Moen, Obed Wisconsin 

Montgomery, Earl Livingston. Illinois 
Montgomery, Edgar Morse. . .Illinois 

Moran, John Joseph Illinois 

Morison, William P Canada 

Moulton, Oscar- Blair Illinois 

Myers, Benjamin Illinois 

Nelson, Edwan Christian. .Wisconsin 

Newell, Andrew Jackson N. D. 

Norgren, Carl Hjalmar Illinois 

Oakland, Irwin Sylvester S. D. 

O'Connor, Edward Thomas. . .Minn. 
*0'Connor, Urban P. . . .Washington 

Oliver, Henry Australia 

Olshan, James Harold Illinois 

O'Rourke, Melrose Bernard. . .Minn. 

Oveson, Iver Anton Illinois 

Palmer, Earl South Dakota 

Pastoret, Al L North Dakota 

Payne, Charles William. . . .Montana 
Peicarske, Albert Alfred. .Wisconsin 
Peterson, Edwin Carl ... .Wisconsin 
Pool, Donald Arthur. . South Dakota 

Post, Robert Maxon Wisconsin 

Poundstone, Leon Harmon. Oklahoma 



Poyer, Walter Thomas Illinois 

Qualey, George R Wisconsin 

Quilling, Devan W Wisconsin 

Quinn, Emmett Martin Illinois 

Rader, Frank James Indiana 

Ralstin, Henry William Kansas 

Randall, George Truman . .Nebraska 
Rasmussen, William Louis. Wisconsin 

Ray, Herbert Scott Illinois 

Recob, Clifford Floyd Wisconsin 

*Reed, George Shannon Texas 

Reid, Melville North Dakota 

Reinardy, Charles J Wisconsin 

Roberts, Arthur Llewellyn. . .Illinois 

Robinson, H. Parry Illinois 

Robison, Clifford LeClair. .. .Illinois 

Rooks, William Duffield Canada 

Root, Byron Lee Illinois 

Rosenblatt, James Samuel. .. Illinois 
Rowland, LeRoy Thomas. .. .Illinois 

Rushing, John Shelton Arkansas 

Sargeant, George Weld Iowa 

Sceerey, Aubrey Edward. . . .Indiana 

Schlampp, John Waldo Iowa 

Schueller, Leo V South Dakota 

Schuman, Morris Charles Ohio 

Schwab, William August. .. .Illinois 

Scott, Clark Baron Ohio 

Scott, Otho E South Dakota 

Seeglitz, Albert Henry Illinois 

*6herman, James Frank S, D. 

Sievert, Otto Herman A.. Wisconsin 

*Smith, Charles Leroy Illinois 

Smith, Harry Edwin Indiana 

*Snoeberger, Paul Alfred. . .Indiana 

Spensley, Vincent Homer Iowa 

Steffy, Guy George Illinois 

*Stephenson, Arthur Warren.. S. D. 
Storberg, Carl Gustav. .. .Minnesota 

Sugrue, John Joseph Illinois 

Sweeney, Raymond Joseph. . . .Wash. 

Thomas, Constantine J Illinois 

Thompson, Oscar Iver. . . .Minnesota 

Thomson, James Herbert N. D. 

Toppel, Isadore Illinois 

Tylman, Stanley Daniel Illinois 

Ulrich, Jesse L Indiana 

Umbach, Myron Joseph Illinois 

Varker, Ray Lee Wisconsin 

Vickers, Harvey H Wisconsin 



*Matriculated but not in attendance. 



l^HE DENTAL SCHOOL 



53 



Von Ruden, Herman Anton ... .Wis. 
Wadleigh, Gerald Eugene. Wisconsin 
Waggoner, Parke Hammer. .Illinois 
Warburton, William Leslie. ... Utah 

Watters, Hugh William Illinois 

Wedell, Harold Godfrey. .. .Illinois 
Wehrheim, Lawrence Alexander. 111. 

Welch, Charles Haig Indiana 

Wells, Charles Raymond. .. Vermont 

Westaby, Henry P South Dakota 

Westby, Peter M South Dakota 



Westerdahl, Frank Robbin. Minnesota 

Wilhermsdorfer, Jerome Illinois 

Wilke, Herbert Fred Wisconsin 

Wills, Ellis L Wisconsin 

Wineburgh, Samuel New York 

Wishner, Max Illinois 

Wollmann, Andreas Arnold... S. D. 

Wood, William Utah 

Young, Donald Rodolfo. .. .Panama 

Zane, Kin Chow Honolulu 

Zeis, Andrew W Minnesota 



JUNIORS 



Adams, Charles Henry Illinois 

Akin, Hamilton Lee Illinois 

*Allan, Frederick Ralph. .Wisconsin 
Allen, Donald Messenger . .Michigan 
Amidon, Sherwood Delos. .Missouri 

Ammons, W. Vetis Kansas 

Anderson, Orvel Utah 

Anshutz, W^ade Bush Indiana 

Applebaum, Albert Illinois 

Auerbach, Bernard Illinois 

*Austin, Paul Mills Ohio 

Bakowen, Goodwin Illinois 

Ball, Frank, Jr Iowa 

Ball, Walter Carlyle Illinois 

Bantle, Leo P Minnesota 

tBayne, Walter Leon Illinois 

Beai, Nelson Utah 

Beck, Walter Roy Indiana 

Berndt, Arthur Walter Illinois 

Berg, Gordon Gustaf Illinois 

Berry, Henry William Illinois 

Berry, Joseph Orion Illinois 

Bishop, Evard Allen Montana 

Blumenschein, John Peter ... .Wash. 

Bollinger, Clarence Floyd S. D. 

Bowden, Paul Herbert Montana 

Boyden, Carl H.. South Dakota 

*Brady, Harold James. .. .Wisconsin 
Brahy, Nicholas Richard. .. .Illinois 

Brom.berg, Samuel Illinois 

Brown, William Henry. . .Wisconsin 

Butler, P. M Illinois 

Cabeen, Milo Howard Illinois 

Caradine, Winford Hugh. Wisconsin 

Cardio, Frank E Iowa 

Carroll, William H Minnesota 



Cassutt, Lewis B Iowa 

Chapin, Walter Coolidge. .. .Illinois 
Chlavin, David Norman. .. .Illinois 

Cigrand, Elroy Franklin Illinois 

Cochran, Dayton Iowa 

Corbett, Marion Leroy Utah 

Culbertson, Harry Montana 

Curley, Harold Clifford. .Minnesota 
Dalitsch, Walter William. . .Illinois 

*Davis, DeWitt Clinton Iowa 

Davis, Harry Glennis Indiana 

De Ano, Rocco James Illinois 

Dietrich, M. Chan-Don Iowa 

^Dix, Ray McKinley Illinois 

Dodge, Watson Arthur Kansas 

Driscoll, Roe Indiana 

Eastwold, Conrad Engvold. . .Minn. 

Eberhart, John Henry Montana 

Elliott, Nels Manley Illinois 

Evans, Ralph Howard Illinois 

Farrell, Joseph Leonard. .. .Indiana 
Farrell, Neil Charles. .North Dakota 

Fein, Louis Julius Indiana 

*Fey, Lawrence Christopher. .Texas 
Finnegan, William Henry. . .Illinois 

Fisher, Lloyd Ellsworth S. D. 

Fisher, Winfield Stitt Illinois 

Frakes, Wayne Kelly Indiana 

Francisco, Winn O Minnesota 

Gardner, Alfred Canada 

Gilbert, Erwin Alvin Minnesota 

Gilruth, William Archibald.. Illinois 
Gindich, Raymond Hyman. . .Illinois 

Gleave, John Ernest Utah 

Goering, Ray Frank Minnesota 

Gondon, William Al Indiana 



*Matriculated but not in attendance. 
fTaking four-year course. 



54 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Gorecki, Victor Thaddeus. . .Illinois 

Graber, Benjamin Gilbert S, D. 

Grandson, Clarence Maurice. .N. D. 

Greenberg, Alexander Illinois 

Greenwood, Vern Raleigh Utah 

Greer, Charles Alexander. Tennessee 
Halmhuber, Alvin Philip. .Michigan 

*Halushka, Alexander Illinois 

Haney, Mark H Minnesota 

Hanson, John Walter. North Dakota 

Harrington, William J Iowa 

Harris, Abraham Harry Illinois 

Harris, Stanley Allen Minnesota 

Hebard, Harry D Nebraska 

Hedeen, George Herbert. .Minnesota 
Hendricks, Jules, Jr. . . .South Dakota 
Henningson, Harry. ... South Dakota 

Hessling, Harold West Illinois 

Heyboer, Gabriel J Illinois 

Highfield, John Fee Illinois 

Hoge, Dale H Illinois 

Hoiberg, Lilly Charlotte. .. .Norway 
Holmes, Edwin Emery. North Dakota 

Howell, Frank William Illinois 

Hughes, Eugene George N. D. 

Huscher, Earl William Utah 

Hvland, Lester Ancel Oregon 

Irle, Willard W Wisconsin 

Israel, Samuel Herman Pa. 

Jackman, Charles Thomas.... N. D. 

Jackson, Ralph Taylor Iowa 

Jacobs, Frank Clair Minnesota 

Jacobson, Julius Illinois 

Jeffery, Alex Wiseman C....Wash. 

Jensen, Ernell Utah 

Johnson, Alvin L Minnesota 

*Johnson, Carroll William. . .Illinois 

Jorgenson, James Morine Utah 

Kahn, Edward Minnesota 

*Kamins, Harry Hirsh Illinois 

Kaplan, William Illinois 

Kasputis, Casimier Russia 

Keefer, Leonard Allen Illinois 

Kendall, Charles Henri. . .Wisconsin 

Kerwin, Joseph Francis Illinois 

Kliauga, Charles Lithuania 

Knopp, Thomas Bryan Texas 

Kroner, Frederick Louis Illinois 

Kurtz, Theodore Brockhause.Illinois 

*Matriculated but not in attendance. 



Lamb, Curtis Anthony Utah 

Lambert, Earl Waddell Utah 

La Pres, Lloyd Marion Illinois 

Larson, Chester A South Dakota 

Larson, Otto Hans Illinois 

Leach, Russell Vivian Canada 

Lee, Arthur Lawrence. South Dakota 

Levin, Max Julien Washington 

Lindberg, Arthur Wisconsin 

Lindberg, Hjalmer Illinois 

Linde, Arthur Sigfrid Illinois 

Lipecki, John Richard Illinois 

Love, McClaren Eugene. .Minnesota 
Ludwig, William Raymond. .Indiana 

Lunak, Milo Ralph Iowa 

Lyga, Paul A Wisconsin 

Macey, Harry Paul Minnesota 

Mackey, Austin J Texas 

*Maier, Earl S Ohio 

*Maier, Paul L Ohio 

Mann, Philip Illinois 

Manevich, Morris Canada 

*Manz, John Robert Indiana 

Martin, Eric Illinois 

Matthew, Jules Michigan 

Maxson, Noel Miller Illinois 

McCrary, Lloyd Jennings. Wisconsin 

McKnight, Frank W Michigan 

Meigs, Arthur Chapman Iowa 

Meyer, Henry Donald Illinois 

Milstein, Jacob North Dakota 

Morgan, William B Wisconsin 

Motz, Charles William Illinois 

Nance, Hays Neely Arizona 

*Nelson, Arthur C Michigan 

Nelson, Earl O Iowa 

Neyman, Louis Montana 

Nichols, Cornelius Vigo Illinois 

Norman, Arthur John Illinois 

Nystrom, Egnar W Illinois 

Oberdorfer, Edward Nicholas. Mich, 

O'Brien, Vincent Walter N. D. 

O'Connor, Thomas Wolftone.Indiana 
O'Keefe, John Norbert. North Dakota 
*Ostrovsky, Benjamin Seelig. Illinois 

Oynes, Nels Illinois 

Patterson, Earl Mead Ohio 

Penberthy, Charles William. . . .Wis. 

*Peters, John H Washington 

Peterson, Raymond E Minnesota 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



55 



Pickett, John T California 

Populorum, Paul Francis. .. .Illinois 

Quinn, Earl Sylvester Indiana 

Quinn, Herbert Joseph Utah 

Rees, Frank Joshuay Utah 

Robbins, Charles Bowser. .. .Indiana 
•Robertson, Roemer Gilliam.Canada 
Rominger, Cornelius Augustus. . .111. 
Rosenstein, Samuel Joseph. . .Illinois 

Rosenthal, Herman J Illinois 

Rosheim, Knut Iver Iowa 

Rouleau, Francis Albert. . .Montana 

Ryan, Emmett Joseph Iowa 

Scherman, Fred Charles Illinois 

Seidenberg, Alfred H. .. .Wisconsin 
Silberhorn, Otto Werner. .. .Illinois 

Simons, Charles Lee Illinois 

♦Simonson, Edmund Godfrey. .Minn. 

Slagerman, Sidney Lions N. D. 

Slingsby, Ira W N. D. 

♦Small, George Floyd Iowa 

Smith, Howard Julian Iowa 

Smith, John William. . North Dakota 

Smith, Stanley J Illinois 

Snyder, Hugh C Indiana 

Sprecher, Arthur South Dakota 

Starksen, Arthur Francis S. D. 

Starshak, Tom Cyril Illinois 

Steinhart, George Thomas. . .Illinois 
Stocking, Bruce Leffingwell. Michigan 

Styrt, Nathan Abraham Illinois 

Sullivan, William H Wisconsin 

Swaisgood, Forest Leroy Ohio 



Swank, Clyde Hubert Illinois 

Swanson, Helge Montana 

Swartz, Roscoe Edward Ohio 

Tanner, Arthur Canada 

*Tillson, Frank C Montana 

Ting, Joseph Yau. . .Wailuke, Mani. 

Toline, Clarence Axel Illinois 

*Tschumperlin, Ray M. . .Minnesota 
*Tucker, Warren Samuel . .Louisiana 
Underwood, Percy Bertram. .Illinois 

Vanoucek, Harry L Illinois 

Viezens, Harry Leo .Illinois 

Viken, Louis Oliver Wisconsin 

Voigt, John G Illinois 

Voss, Charles, Jr Illinois 

Waalkes, Harry Egbert Illinois 

Wagener, Holt Alden Illinois 

Walker, Chester Kenneth S. D. 

Walstrom, Lloyd Winship. . . .N. D. 
Watson, William Francis. .. .Illinois 
Watson, John Alexander. .. .Illinois 
Weber, Roland Arthur .. .Wisconsin 

Webster, James Beam Illinois 

Wedeberg, Carl Oscar. North Dakota 
Weidner, Hubert Pancratius. Illinois 

Wells, Arthur James Virginia 

Winnick, Solly Lenord. . . .Minnesota 

Wold, Earl Norton Iowa 

WoUmann, Michael J. .South Dakota 
Woodw^ard, George Foster. . .Illinois 

Wylie, William Leroy Idaho 

Zeiss, Philip Edward Illinois 

Zimmerman, Albert M Illinois 



SOPHOMORES 



Barker, Graham Frank. .. .Michigan 

*Beard, Guy Edward Illinois 

Buttner, Olga Ruth Idaho 

*Chatterton, Melville Walter. . .Cal. 
Church, Robert Robins. . . .Tennessee 

Deason, Chester Oswald N. D. 

Dinan, Wilfred Irvin Texas 

Eshleman, Clyde Daniel Indiana 

*Ferrie, James William S. D. 

Fosket, Robert R Illinois 

*Fox, Clarence Indiana 

Gruesen, Joseph L Minnesota 

Halstead, Paul StaflFord Indiana 

Hurwitz, Harry Howard. .. .Illinois 
Johnson, Arthur Lee. . .South Dakota 



Monson, Harry Alfred Illinois 

*Murphy, Kenneth Wayne. . .Illinois 

Riegel, Harry J Illinois 

Roman, Benjamin Andrew Ohio 

Root, Melvin Austin, Jr Illinois 

Runyan, Lewis Nichols Illinois 

Seise, John Goddard Illinois 

Strauss, William John Illinois 

*Sutphen, George H Illinois 

Thornton, Peter J Ohio 

Thorsen, Arthur Valdimer. . .Illinois 
Tillotson, Kendall Spangler. Illinois 

Tippet, Bert Minnesota 

Welling, Myron B Illinois 

Westenberger, Max Iowa 

Williams, Russell Reed. . . .Montana 



♦Matriculated but not in attendance. 



56 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



FRESHMEN 



Ackennan, Charles, Jr Illinois 

Aron, Eugene S Illinois 

Arnold, W. McKinley Iowa 

Barnard, Richard Edwin. .. .Illinois 

Bell, E. Cyril Indiana 

Bell, James R Illinois 

Blachly, D. W Indiana 

Blais, Otto R Minnesota 

*Borg, Alfred L Illinois 

Borg, John Ebert Illinois 

Bowling, Owen Indiana 

Brandser, Robert Edward. Wisconsin 
Brickwell, George William. .Illinois 
Campion, Sylvester John. . Minnesota 
Chase, Ralph Raymond. . .Michigan 

Chrt, George Illinois 

Collins, Josiah W., Jr S. D. 

Corcoran, Wilfred C. North Dakota 

*Dale, Gilfred Roy Wisconsin 

Dang, Tai Hee Hawaii 

Datz, William Frederick, Jr. Illinois 

Davis, Paul M Indiana 

Dewey, Walter M Michigan 

Dibblee, Basil R Indiana 

*Duarte, Horace Pennsylvania 

Dybdal, Arthur E Minnesota 

Gardner, Maxwell Leonard. .Canada 

Garrison, Nelson Illinois 

Gates, Raymond John Illinois 

Greenburg, Julius Nelson. . .Illinois 

Hall, Edwin E Ohio 

Hanson, Avery Michigan 

Harris, Richard V Minnesota 

Harvey, Ward Winfield S. D. 

Hax, George W Illinois 

Highum, Alvin Minnesota 

Houlihan, Joseph Harold Iowa 

Howell, Raymond L Indiana 

Hulvey, Leo Illinois 

Hunter, Robert G Iowa 

James, Clarence Edgar Illinois 

Johnson, Walter Ralph Illinois 

*Kalcheim, Harry Illinois 

Kelly, Harley Edmund Iowa 

*Kramer, David Illinois 

Larsen, Reuben South Dakota 

*Lawrence, John G Minnesota 

Lean, Garnett E North Dakota 

Lee, Reuben G Minnesota 



*Matriculated but not in attendance. 



Leininger, (Clarence W Illinois 

Marks, Arthur Alabama 

Mathews, Harry W. ... Washington 

Mazurek, Joseph S Wisconsin 

McCornack, Donald M Canada 

'McEachern, Allan Illinois 

McKee, Dale L South Dakota 

*McMullen, Johnathan Glenn.. Wis. 
Meranda, Harry Alvin. .. .Missouri 

Merschat, Arnold Illinois 

Moore, Carl L Kansas 

Moulton, Harry A South Dakota 

Munro, Edward Frederick. . .Illinois 

Nakano, Yoshitaka Hawaii 

Nishimura, Hideichi Hawaii 

O'Hara, John Stirling Michigan 

Otis, Paul Michigan 

Peters, Leonard A Iowa 

Poliak, Edward Colorado 

Pommer, William Albert. . . .Canada 

Quinlan, Leo Jerome Indiana 

Radzinski, Paul Anthony. .Michigan 

Rafish, Samuel M Montana 

Redlich, Hermann E Illinois 

Reece, William Ethabert Utah 

Romine, Neva Louise Kansas 

Rubens, Sidney Leon Illinois 

Rubloff, Harry L Illinois 

Sanwick, Otto Wisconsin 

Schauf, Edward John Illinois 

*Shaf er, Feno S Utah 

Shissler, Francis Illinois 

*Silverman, Sidney Illinois 

Smith, Richard Clayton. . .Michigan 

Steffes, Clarence L Illinois 

Stitzel, Sumner A North Dakota 

Sutter, Fred William Michigan 

Swanson, Edgar Waif red. . .Indiana 
Taggart, Eleanora Ethel ... .Illinois 

Tait, James Weir Canada 

*Tohms, Clifton William. .. .Illinois 

Toraason, Hiram W Wisconsin 

*Turbow, Victor Morris. .. .Indiana 

*Walker, Lee Earl Illinois 

Watkjns, Vertice O Arizona 

Weiss, Leslie Lisle Indiana 

Wescott, Randall Livingston. .Mich. 

Williams, Roger S Wisconsin 

Wilmoth, William Alvin. .. .Kansas 
Woods, Harold J Illinois 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 57 

Special Preparatory Course 

for 

Dental Officers' Reserve Corps of the Army 

JULY, I917 

Anderson, Alfred George, D.D.S Illinois 

Birtwistle, John Edward, D.D.S Illinois 

Black, Merle Thomas, D.D.S Illinois 

Bokman, Arthur Frederick, D.D.S Illinois 

Bommerscheim, Earle Ferdinand, D.D.S Michigan 

Cassidy, George, D.D.S Massachusetts 

Chrt, Otto Thomas, D.D.S Illinois 

Corlew, Jesse John, D.D.S Illinois 

Davy, Oakley Bruce, D.D.S Illinois 

English, Winfrey William, D.D.S Missouri 

Finn, William Selby, D.D.S Illinois 

Freudenberg, Robert Scharle, D.D.S Illinois 

Gale, Frank Willis, D.D.S Illinois 

Gallagher, John Connel, D.D.S Minnesota 

Gallic, Donald M., Jr., D.D.S Illinois 

Gilbertson, Oscar Elert, D.D.S Illinois 

Gurney, Edward Brower, D.D.S Illinois 

Hess, Frank G., D.D.S Minnesota 

Hoeffel, Paul, D.D.S Illinois 

Holland, Theodore Albert, D.D.S Illinois 

Hooper, Harold Andrew, D.D.S Michigan 

Howell, Harry Carl, D.D.S .Illinois 

Huxtable, Harvey Simpson, D.D.S Wisconsin 

Jackson, Clarence Pefferce, D.D.S Iowa 

Johnson, Walter W., D.D.S Illinois 

Jonas, Sam Theo., D.D.S Illinois 

Jones, Harry Reese, D.D.S Wisconsin 

Kellogg, John Sanford, D.D.S Illinois 

Kettlewell, Norman Lloyd, D.D.S Minnesota 

Kirmse, H., D.D.S Wisconsin 

Lebowitz, Abraham Emanuel, D.D.S Illinois 

Lundquist, Gottf red Rudolph, D.D.S Illinois 

Manosevitch, George Herman, D.D.S Illinois 

Marks, Rodney Hugh, D.D.S Illinois 

McLaughlin, Angus James, D.D.S Illinois 

Miller, Clyde J., D.D.S Illinois 

Newton, Francis Jefferson, D.D.S Illinois 

Pitts, Leonard Brooks, D.D.S Illinois 

Roberts, Harold Cecil, D.D.S Indiana 

Roe, Walter, D.D.S Illinois 

Rosenblum, Maurice, D.D.S Illinois 

Schultze, Louis, D.D.S Wisconsin 

Shapira, Charles Alter, D.D.S Illinois 

Shaughnessy, L. J., D.D.S Indiana 



58 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Schoenbrod, Abraham M., D.D.S Illinois 

Soffel, Arthur Elmer, D.D.S Illinois 

Stansbury, George H., D.D.S Illinois 

Trulson, Palmer Charles, D.D.S Illinois 

Watts, Emmett Ross, D.D.S Iowa 

Werner, Adrian Frank, D.D.S Minnesota 

Wickstrom, Walter C, D.D.S Illinois 

Woods, Frank Rav, D.D.S Illinois 



Officers' School of Plastic and Oral Surgery 

Established by Order of the Surgeon General 
of the Army 

NOVEMBER — DFXF.MBF.R, 1917 

Banner, Capt. Charles W North Carolina 

Barns, Capt. Frank M Nebraska 

Burnside, Lieut. Lyman A Indiana 

Carnes, Capt, William A Tennessee 

Cleaves, Lieut. Prentiss B Iowa 

Cox, Lieut. Oliver C Washington, D. C. 

Donlevy, Lieut. Frank D Illinois 

Dozier, Capt. Earnest California 

Elliston, Lieut. Leroy B Illinois 

Fowler, Lieut. Sherman M Michigan 

Frazier, Capt. Claude E Missouri 

Frazier, Lieut. Max C .Iowa 

Gallie, Lieut. Donald M Illinois 

Garriott, Lieut. John P Indiana 

Holland, Lieut. Carl M Illinois 

James, Capt. Maurice C West Virginia 

Kellogg, Lieut. John S Illinois 

Leach, Lieut. Floyd D Illinois 

Lee, Lieut. Jay Harry Indiana 

Leonard, Lieut. Frank S Indiana 

Lester, Capt. Frederick W New York 

Lyman, Capt. Francis R New York 

MacGibbon, Lieut. Everett E Minnesota 

McLean, Capt. George D Oklahoma 

Morgan, Lieut. Walter M Tennessee 

O'Bannon, Lieut. Brien B .Tennessee 

Postle, Lieut. Merton M West Virginia 

Rockey, Capt. Alpha E Oregon 

Siewert, Lieut. George D Wisconsin 

Skiff, Lieut. George S New York 

Steffens, Lieut. Charles New York 

Todd, Lieut. David D Michigan 

Voss, Lieut. John Iowa 

Young, Lieut. Earl T Illinois 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 59 



Practitioners' Course 

FEBRUARY, 1918 

Barnes, John William, D.D.S Montana 

Bates, Orville Lee, D.D.S Illinois 

Best, Isaac Dodd, D.D.S Kentucky 

♦Brown, William E., D.D.S Michigan 

Cobb, Casper Allen, D.D.S Wisconsin 

Fisher, Harry A., D.D.S New York 

Hanson, Carl Edward, D.D.S South Dakota 

♦Harrison, J. C, D.D.S West Virginia 

Hartsfield, John David, D.D.S Oklahoma 

Haury, Arthur Otto, D.D.S Kansas 

Hurst, Harry Emerson, D.D.S Iowa 

Irimajiri, Naoshige, D.D.S New York 

McHenry, William Allen, D.D.S Nebraska 

McLeran, John William, D.D.S Nebraska 

Mozisek, Robert Nicholas, D.D.S Texas 

Napton, Thomas Lanier, D.D.S Montana 

Parr, John Cullen, D.D.S Tennessee 

Pettit, Blaine Bowman, D.D.S Michigan 

Raiche, Frederick E., D.D.S Wisconsin 

Reisling, Frank Carl, D.D.S Oklahoma 

Rogers, Edward Burton, D.D.S Ohio 

Silcott, James, D.D.S Ohio 

Singer, David Samuel, D.D.S Illinois 

Smale, Robert Edward, D.D.S Canada 

Army Dental Service Course 

FEBRUARY, 1918 

Ambrugv, Cullen, D.D.S West Virginia 

Beckett, ' Roy, D.D.S Kentucky 

Bell, Frank J., D.D.S Montana 

Blavnev, James Roy, D.D.S Illinois 

Boehler, George M., D.D.S Nebraska 

♦Briggs, Charles F., D.D.S Ohio 

Carr, Cvril Sargeant, D.D.S Indiana 

Colter, Rov B., D.D.S Wisconsin 

Coolev, Ralph Clarkson, D.D.S Texas 

Coon,' Corliss Dale, D.D.S Iowa 

Crawford, Clarke Raymond, D.D.S Pennsylvania 

Croessmann, June W., D.D.S Illinois 

Davis, John Harrison, D.D.S South Dakota 

Eisenman, Abraham, D.D.S Ohio 

Elder, CliflFord P., D.D.S Kansas 

Epling, Giles Thomas, D.D.S West Virginia 

♦Matriculated but not in attendance. 



60 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Fenzel, Frank William, D.D.S Ohio 

Fitzgerald, Vitus Arthur, D.D.S Washington 

Harris, Clarence Sidney, D.D.S Pennsylvania 

Hocking, Harry G., D.D.S North Dakota 

Hull, Ira Thomas, D.D.S Indiana 

Jacobs, Augustus Carlysle, D.D.S Missouri 

Jensen, Harold B., D.D.S Oregon 

Johnston, John Harvey, D.D.S Montana 

Kreamer, Charles W., D.D.S Nebraska 

*Kremer, Leo Wilfred, D.D.S South Dakota 

Leach, Herbert Salusus, D.D.S Indiana 

Lloyd, Daniel J., D.D.S Ohio 

Meaker, Stanleigh Reeve, D.D.S New York 

Moomey, Mervil L., D.D.S Illinois 

Morgen, John E., D.D.S Kansas 

Morgan, Ralph E., D.D.S Pennsylvania 

*Preston, John L', D.D.S Texas 

Quesnell, Arthur John, D.D.S Minnesota 

Rietz, Arthur R., D.D.S Indiana 

Robertson, Lester James, D.D.S North Dakota 

Sellers, Maurice B., D.D.S Indiana 

Sheppard, Frank G., D.D.S West Virginia 

Silverberg, Edward Melvin, D.D.S Colorado 

Thomas, Elmer Alonzo, D.D.S Nebraska 

Turner, Reuben Cattlett, D.D.S Kansas 

*Welter, Charles H., D.D.S Indiana 

Whitney, Harry Carroll, D.D.S South Dakota 

Wild, Rudolph Louis, D.D.S Missouri 

Wilkinson, Frank Henry, D.D.S Michigan 

Williams, Raymond L., D.D.S Wisconsin 



Officers' School of Plastic and Oral Surgery 

Established by Order of the Surgeon General 
of the Army 

MARCHj 1918 

Carter, Lieut. Edward C Colorado 

Chambers, Capt. Harry L. Kansas 

Fleming, Lieut. Samuel Clifton Illinois 

Ford, Lieut. James W Illinois 

Gauerke, Lieut. Gilbert H Wisconsin 

Grant, Lieut. Henry Lee Kentucky 

Harned, Capt. Calvin Waldo Iowa 

Hassig, Capt. John Franklin Kansas 

Hughes, Lieut. Richard C Colorado 

Hynson, Lieut. Garrett Lee Oregon 



*Matriculated but not in attendance. 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 61 



Johnson, Lieut. Joseph E Kentucky 

Karshner, Capt. Warner Melvin Washington 

Kellogg, Lieut. John S Illinois 

Kelly, Lieut. Edmund J .California 

Lazear, Lieut. Davies Illinois 

Lewis, Lieut. Samuel J Michigan 

Mabie, Lieut. L. D Kansas 

Mentzer, Lieut. William Edward Minnesota 

Morrow, Lieut. Henry Iowa 

Moss, Lieut. Zachariah W Illinois 

Narrley, Lieut. George Raymond Iowa 

Post, Lieut. Norman A New York 

Pruyn, Lieut. Walter M Illinois 

Tholen, Capt. Emil Francis California 

Thompson, Lieut. Oscar William Kentucky 

Trimble, Lieut. James Ford Pennsylvania 

Tuckey, Lieut. Harry Alfred California 

Vander Bogart, Lieut. Harry Eugene Illinois 

Wadsworth, Lieut. Henry Palmer Illinois 

Ward, Capt. Mark Hopkins New York 

Webster, Lieut. Frederick W Nebraska 

Williams, Lieut. William C Illinois 

Roll of Honor 

Weedex Edward Osborne 

Class of 1915 

Killed in action. Dr. Osborne was the first officer of the naval forces 

to be killed in action in France. 



62 



NORl^HWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Geographical Distribution of Students 



Seniors 

Alabama 

Arizona 

Arkansas 3 

California i 

Colorado 

District of Columbia 

Georgia i 

Idaho 

Illinois 72 

Indiana 9 

Iowa 7 

Kansas 2 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 2 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 4 

Minnesota 14 

Missouri 3 

Montana 4 

Nebraska 2 

New York 2 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 8 

Ohio 4 

Oklahoma i 

Oregon 2 

Pennsylvania i 

South Dakota 16 

Tennessee 

Texas 2 

Utah 6 

Vermont i 

Virginia 

Washington 3 

VV^est Virginia 

Wisconsin 29 

Hawaiian Islands 2 

Panama i 

Armenia i 

Australia i 

British West Indies i 

Canada 7 

Lithuania 

Norway i 

Russia 



Juniors Sophomores 



I 

86 

14 
16 



19 



15 



Freshmen 

I 



Post 
Graduates 



2 

6 
10 



Total 
I 
2 

3 
6 



2 

262 

48 

39 

14 

5 

3 

30 
49 
9 
18 
10 
II 

28 

19 

4 

6 

7 

39 

6 

9 
19 

I 
10 

6 
61 

6 

I 
I 

I 

I 

17 

2 

I 



TOTALS 213 



237 



31 



99 



768 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 63 

Northwestern University Dental School 
Alumni Association 

OFFICERS FOR I918-I919 

J. D. Blackwell, President, Chicago. 
J. D. Lyding, First Vice-President, Chicago. 
W. C. Walker, Second Vice-President, Chicago. 
M. M. Printz, Secretary and Treasurer, 25 E. Washington St., 
Chicago. 

executive committee 

LuciEN H. Arnold, Chairman, Chicago. 
Eugene Maginnis, Chicago. 
T. B. S. Wallace, Chicago. 

The- annual Home-coming Clinic will be held Tuesday, June 10, 
1919, at the University Building. 

The Association publishes a quarterly Journal, which is a medium 
for the circulation of articles of interest to Northwestern alumni 
and for the exchange of friendly greetings. The Alumni Associa- 
tion and the Journal exist for the purpose of maintaining and ad- 
vancing all things of mutual interest to the alumni and the School. 

All members of the Association in good standing will receive the 
Journal. Any graduate of the Northwestern University Dental 
School may become a member of the Alumni Association upon pay- 
ment of the membership fee of one dollar and dues of one dollar 
annually. 

We ask that the Alumni support the Association and the Journal, 
and co-operate earnestly with the officers in making our official 
publication a still greater success. 

For information regarding the Association, address the Secretary. 

M. M. Printz, Secretary-Treasurer, 

25 E. Washington St., Chicago. 

For information regarding the School, address Northwestern 
University Dental School, 31 W. Lake St., Chicago. 



64 



N () R T H W E S T E R N U N 1 V E R S I T Y 



Index 



Page 

Administrative Officers 6 

Admission, Retjuirements for.... 15 

Advanced Standing 16 

Alumni Association 63 

Anatomy 20 

Army Training Corps 9 

Bacteriology 20 

Biology 21 

Board and Room 45 

Building and Equipment 10 

Calendar 4 

Chemistry 21 

Clinical Material 36 

Clinics 35 

Comparative Dental Anatomy... 22 

Combined Courses 17 

Degrees 16, 35 

Dental Anatomy 25 

Dental Economics 22 

Dental Jurisprudence 23 

Dental Pathology 25, 27 

Dormitories 46 

English 23 

Enlisted Medical Reserve Corps. 10 

Faculty 6 

Fees and Expenses 43 

Geographical Di.stribution of Stu- 
dents 62 

Graduate Courses 47 

Histology 23 

History of Dental School 9 

Honors 36 



Page 

Instruments 38 

Libraries, Chicago 13 

Library jo 

Materia Medica 24 

Military Service Course 49 

Mouth Hygiene 24 

Museum ii 

Operative Technics 25 

Operative Dentistry 25 

Oral Prophylaxis 24 

Oral Surgery 29 

Orthodontia 30 

Pathology, General 31 

Physical Diagnosis 33 

Physics 31 

Physiology 32 

Post-Graduate Course 47 

Professional Ethics 23 

Prosthetic Dentistry 33 

Register of Students 51 

Requirements for Degrees 35 

Roll of Honor 61 

Rooms and Board 45 

Schedule of Courses 17 

Situation 12 

Students' Army Training Corps . . 9 

Summer Clinics 36 

Technical Drawing 35 

Text-books 37 

Therapeutics 24 

University 5 




NORTHWESTERN 
University Bulletin is 
published by Northwestern 
University weekly during the 
academic year at Chicago, 
Illinois. Entered as second- 
class mail matter November 
21, 1913, at the post-office at 
Chicago, Illinois, under Act of 
Congress of August 24, 1912. 
Acceptance for mailing at 
special rate of postage pro- 
vided for in Section 1103, Act 
of Ottober 3, 1917, authorized 
on June 14, 1918.